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% % (used in a file _Chapter_SoftwareHardware_Domain_Specific_Language_English.tex
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% \usetheme{Hannover} % ima naslov i sadrzaj sa leve strane
% \usetheme{Singapore} % ima sadrzaj i tackice gore
% \usetheme{Antibes} % ima sadrzaj gore i kao graf ...
% \usetheme{Berkeley} % ima sadrzaj desno
% \usetheme{Berlin} % ima sadrzaj gore i tackice
% \usetheme{Goettingen} % ima sadrzxaj za desne strane
% \usetheme{Montpellier} % ima graf sadrzaj gore
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%%%% HYPERREF HYPERREF HYPERREF HYPERREF HYPERREF
%%%% HYPERREF HYPERREF HYPERREF HYPERREF HYPERREF
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% \usepackage[pdfauthor={Boris Jeremic},
% colorlinks=true,
% linkcolor=webblue,
% citecolor=webblue,
% urlcolor=webblue,
% linktocpage,
% pdftex]{hyperref}
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% does not look nice, try deleting the line with the fontenc.
% Site Specific Dynamics of Structures:
%From Seismic Source to
%the Safety of Occupants and Content
\title[Real-ESSI]
{ Modeling and Simulation \\
of Static and Dynamic Behavior of \\
Earthquake Soil Structure Systems}
%\subtitle
%{Include Only If Paper Has a Subtitle}
%\author[Author, Another] % (optional, use only with lots of authors)
%{F.~Author\inst{1} \and S.~Another\inst{2}}
% - Give the names in the same order as the appear in the paper.
% - Use the \inst{?} command only if the authors have different
% affiliation.
\pgfdeclareimage[height=0.2cm]{university-logo}{/home/jeremic/BG/amblemi/ucdavis_logo_blue_sm}
\pgfdeclareimage[height=0.7cm]{lbnl-logo}{/home/jeremic/BG/amblemi/lbnl-logo}
\author[Jeremi{\'c} et al.] % (optional, use only with lots of authors)
%{Boris~Jeremi{\'c}}
{Boris Jeremi{\'c},
{\cyrdvanaest Boris Jeremi\cj{} }
}
%\institute[Computational Geomechanics Group \hspace*{0.3truecm}
\institute[\pgfuseimage{university-logo}\hspace*{0.1truecm}\pgfuseimage{lbnl-logo}] % (optional, but mostly needed)
%{ Professor, University of California, Davis\\
{ University of California, Davis, CA\\
% and\\
% Faculty Scientist, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley }
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA}
% - Use the \inst command only if there are several affiliations.
% - Keep it simple, no one is interested in your street address.
\date[] % (optional, should be abbreviation of conference name)
{ {\cyrjedanaest DGM, ZMKGB, UKIM}
\\ ~ \\
Davis, CA -
{\cyrdvanaest Skopje, MK}, 09Jun2020}
\subject{}
% This is only inserted into the PDF information catalog. Can be left
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%\logo{\pgfuseimage{university-logo}}
% \pgfdeclareimage[height=0.5cm]{university-logo}{university-logo-filename}
% \logo{\pgfuseimage{university-logo}}
% Delete this, if you do not want the table of contents to pop up at
% the beginning of each subsection:
% \AtBeginSubsection[]
\setcounter{tocdepth}{3}
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{
\begin{scriptsize}
\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Outline}
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}
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\titlepage
\end{frame}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Outline}
\begin{scriptsize}
\tableofcontents
% You might wish to add the option [pausesections]
\end{scriptsize}
\end{frame}
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% Structuring a talk is a difficult task and the following structure
% may not be suitable. Here are some rules that apply for this
% solution:
% - Exactly two or three sections (other than the summary).
% - At *most* three subsections per section.
% - Talk about 30s to 2min per frame. So there should be between about
% 15 and 30 frames, all told.
% - A conference audience is likely to know very little of what you
% are going to talk about. So *simplify*!
% - In a 20min talk, getting the main ideas across is hard
% enough. Leave out details, even if it means being less precise than
% you think necessary.
% - If you omit details that are vital to the proof/implementation,
% just say so once. Everybody will be happy with that.
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
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\section{Introduction}
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\subsection{Motivation}
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%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Motivation}
\begin{itemize}
%\vspace*{0.3cm}
\item[] Improve modeling and simulation for infrastructure objects
% \vspace*{2mm}
% \item[] Expert numerical modeling and simulation tool
\vspace*{1mm}
\item[] Use select fidelity (high $\leftrightarrow$ low) numerical models to
analyze static and dynamic behavior of soil/rock structure fluid systems
\vspace*{1mm}
\item[] Reduction of modeling uncertainty, ability to perform desired level
of sophistication modeling and simulation
\vspace*{1mm}
\item[] Accurately follow the flow of input and dissipation of energy
in a soil structure system
\vspace*{1mm}
\item[] Development of an expert system for modeling and simulation of
Earthquakes, Soils, Structures and their Interaction, Real-ESSI:
\hspace*{5mm} \href{http://real-essi.us/}{http://real-essi.us/}
% \vspace*{1mm}
% \item[] The goal is to create methodology and numerical tool that is used to
% predict and inform and not to fit
%
%\vspace*{1mm}
% \item[] Directing, in space and time, seismic energy flow in the
% soil structure system
\end{itemize}
\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Hypothesis}
%
% \begin{itemize}
%
%
%
% %\vspace*{0.5cm}
% \item Interplay dynamic characteristics of the Dynamic Forcing /
% Earthquake, Soil/Rock and Structure in time domain, plays a decisive role in
% successes and failures
%
%
% \vspace*{3mm}
% \item Timing and spatial location of energy dissipation determines location
% and amount of damage
%
% \vspace*{3mm}
% \item If timing and spatial location of the energy dissipation
% can be controlled (directed),
% we could optimize soil structure system for
% \begin{itemize}
% \item Safety and
% \item Economy
% \end{itemize}
%
% \end{itemize}
% \end{frame}
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% % \frametitle{Seismic Energy Dissipation for \underline{Soil}-Foundation-Structure Systems}
% \frametitle{Energy Dissipation in SSI System}
% % \frametitle{Seismic Energy Dissipation for
% % \underline{Soil}-Foundation-Structure Systems}
%
%
% \begin{itemize}
%
%
% \vspace*{0.2cm}
% \item Mechanical dissipation outside of SSI domain:
% \begin{itemize}
% \item SSI system oscillation radiation
% \item reflected wave radiation
% \end{itemize}
% \vspace*{0.2cm}
% \item Mechanical dissipation/conversion inside SSI domain:
% \begin{itemize}
% \item plasticity of soil subdomain
% \item plasticity/damage of the parts of structure/foundation
% \item viscous coupling of porous solid (soil) with pore fluid (air, water)
% \item viscous coupling of structure/foundation with fluids
% % \item potential and kinetic energy
% % \item potential $\leftarrow \! \! \! \! \! \! \rightarrow$ kinetic energy
% \end{itemize}
%
%
%
% \vspace*{0.2cm}
% % \item Numerical energy dissipation (numerical damping/production and period errors)
% % \item Numerical energy dissipation (damping/production)
% \item Numerical energy dissipation/production
%
%
% \end{itemize}
%
% %
% \end{frame}
% % % %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Predictive Capabilities}
% \frametitle{High Fidelity Modeling of SFS System:
% Verification, Validation and Prediction}
\begin{itemize}
\item[-]{ Prediction under Uncertainty}: use of computational model
to predict the state of SSI system under
conditions for which the computational model has not been validated.
\vspace*{1mm}
\item[-] {{ Verification} provides evidence that the model is solved
correctly.} Mathematics issue.
\vspace*{1mm}
\item[-] {{ Validation} provides evidence that the correct model is
solved.} Physics issue.
\vspace*{1mm}
\item[-] Modeling and parametric uncertainties are always present, need to be
addressed
% \vspace*{1mm}
% \item[-]Predictive capabilities with {low Kolmogorov Complexity}
%
\vspace*{1mm}
\item[-]Goal: Predict and Inform rather than (force) Fit
\end{itemize}
\end{frame}
%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%\subsection*{Uncertainties}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
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% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Motivation: Modeling Uncertainty, Simplified Models}
\begin{itemize}
\item[-] Simplified modeling: Features (important ?) are neglected (6D
ground motions, inelasticity)
%\vspace*{1mm}
\item[-] Modeling Uncertainty: unrealistic and unnecessary modeling
simplifications
%\vspace*{1mm}
\item[-] Modeling simplifications: justifiable iff higher level
sophistication model shows are features not important
\end{itemize}
\begin{center}
{\includegraphics[width=45mm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2016/Beograd_predavanje_decembar/present/movie_ff_3d_mp4_icon.jpeg}}
%
%\hspace*{10mm}
%
{\includegraphics[width=45mm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2016/Beograd_predavanje_decembar/present/movie_ff_1d_mp4_icon.jpeg}}
\end{center}
\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Motivation: Parametric Uncertainty, Material and Load}
\begin{itemize}
\item[-] Significant uncertainty in material and loads
%\vspace*{1mm}
\item[-] Need to propagate uncertainty through simulation, to give
regulators and engineers information for design, licensing...
\end{itemize}
%
%\vspace{1cm}
%\hspace{-0.5cm}
%Example: Elastic Stiffness
%\vspace*{-3mm}
\begin{figure}[!hbpt]
\begin{center}
%
\hspace*{-9mm}
\includegraphics[width=6.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Papers/2008/JGGE-GoverGmax/figures/YoungModulus_RawData_and_MeanTrend_01-Ed.pdf}
% \hfill
\includegraphics[width=4.50truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Papers/2008/JGGE-GoverGmax/figures/YoungModulus_Histogram_Normal_01-Ed.pdf}
%
\hspace*{-9mm}
\end{center}
\end{figure}
\vspace*{-0.8cm}
%\hspace*{-3.3cm}
\begin{flushleft}
{\tiny
Transformation of SPT $N$-value:
1-D Young's modulus, $E$
(cf. Phoon and Kulhawy (1999B))
~}
\end{flushleft}
\end{frame}
% out %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% out \begin{frame}
% out \frametitle{Parametric Uncertainty: Material Stiffness}
% out
% out
% out %\vspace*{-3mm}
% out \begin{figure}[!hbpt]
% out \begin{center}
% out %
% out \hspace*{-7mm}
% out \includegraphics[width=7.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Papers/2008/JGGE-GoverGmax/figures/YoungModulus_RawData_and_MeanTrend_01-Ed.pdf}
% out % \hfill
% out \includegraphics[width=5.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Papers/2008/JGGE-GoverGmax/figures/YoungModulus_Histogram_Normal_01-Ed.pdf}
% out %
% out \end{center}
% out \end{figure}
% out
% out % \vspace*{-1.8cm}
% out % %\hspace*{-3.3cm}
% out % \begin{flushright}
% out % {\tiny
% out % Transformation of SPT $N$-value: \\
% out % 1-D Young's modulus, $E$ \\
% out % (cf. Phoon and Kulhawy (1999B))\\
% out % ~}
% out % \end{flushright}
% out %
% out \end{frame}
% out
% out
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Parametric Uncertainty: Material Strength}
%
%
% \begin{figure}[!hbpt]
% \begin{center}
% %
% \hspace*{-7mm}
% \includegraphics[width=6.50truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Papers/2008/JGGE-GoverGmax/figures/ShearStrength_RawData_and_MeanTrend-Mod.pdf}
% \hspace*{-7mm}
% % \hfill
% \includegraphics[width=6.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Papers/2008/JGGE-GoverGmax/figures/ShearStrength_Histogram_PearsonIV-FineTuned-Mod.pdf}
% %
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
%
% % \vspace*{-1.8cm}
% % %\hspace*{-3.3cm}
% % \begin{flushright}
% % {\tiny
% % Transformation of SPT $N$-value: \\
% % 1-D Young's modulus, $E$ \\
% % (cf. Phoon and Kulhawy (1999B))\\
% % ~}
% % \end{flushright}
% % %
%
%
% \end{frame}
%
%%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Parametric Uncertainty: Material Properties}
%
%
%
% \begin{figure}[!hbpt]
% \begin{center}
% % %
% \hspace*{-3mm}
% \includegraphics[width=3.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/KonstantinosKarapiperis/Soil_Uncertainty_Report_Pdf_Cdf_Figures/FieldPhiPdf.pdf}
% \hspace*{-3mm}
% \includegraphics[width=3.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/KonstantinosKarapiperis/Soil_Uncertainty_Report_Pdf_Cdf_Figures/FieldPhiCdf.pdf}
% \hspace*{3mm}
% \includegraphics[width=3.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/KonstantinosKarapiperis/Soil_Uncertainty_Report_Pdf_Cdf_Figures/FieldSuPdf.pdf}
% \hspace*{-3mm}
% \includegraphics[width=3.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/KonstantinosKarapiperis/Soil_Uncertainty_Report_Pdf_Cdf_Figures/FieldSuCdf.pdf}
% \\
% %\vspace*{-2mm}
% \hspace*{-2.5cm} \mbox{\tiny Field $\phi$} \hspace*{3.5cm} \mbox{\tiny Field $c_u$}
% %\vspace*{45mm}
% \hspace*{-3mm}
% \includegraphics[width=3.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/KonstantinosKarapiperis/Soil_Uncertainty_Report_Pdf_Cdf_Figures/LabPhiPdf.pdf}
% \hspace*{-3mm}
% \includegraphics[width=3.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/KonstantinosKarapiperis/Soil_Uncertainty_Report_Pdf_Cdf_Figures/LabPhiCdf.pdf}
% \hspace*{3mm}
% \includegraphics[width=3.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/KonstantinosKarapiperis/Soil_Uncertainty_Report_Pdf_Cdf_Figures/LabSuPdf.pdf}
% \hspace*{-3mm}
% \includegraphics[width=3.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/KonstantinosKarapiperis/Soil_Uncertainty_Report_Pdf_Cdf_Figures/LabSuCdf.pdf}
% \\
% %\vspace*{-8mm}
% \hspace*{-2.5cm} \mbox{\tiny Lab $\phi$} \hspace*{3.5cm} \mbox{\tiny Lab $c_u$}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
%
% \end{frame}
%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Realistic ESSI Modeling Uncertainties}
%
%
% \begin{itemize}
%
%
% \item[-] Seismic Motions: 6D, inclined, body and surface waves
% (translations, rotations); Incoherency
%
% \vspace*{3mm}
% \item[-] Inelastic material: soil, rock, concrete, steel; Contacts,
% foundation--soil, dry, saturated slip--gap; Nonlinear buoyant forces; Isolators,
% Dissipators
%
%
% \vspace*{3mm}
% \item[-]Uncertain loading and material
%
% \vspace*{3mm}
% \item[-]Verification and Validation $\Rightarrow$ Predictions
%
%
% % \vspace*{2mm}
% % \item[-]High Fidelity Models $\Rightarrow$ High Performance Computing
% %
% %
% % \vspace*{2mm}
% % \item[-]Education
% %
%
%
%
% \end{itemize}
%
% \end{frame}
%
% % %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%\subsection{Personal Experience with Dam Engineering}
%
\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Spillway Dynamic Analysis, '88-'89}
% % \begin{itemize}
% %
% % \item[-]{\cyr Diplomski pre skoro 18 godina}
% %
% % \vspace*{0.10cm}
% % \item[-]{\cyr relativno mali model}
% %
% % \vspace*{0.10cm}
% % \item[-]{\cyr linearno elastichan materijal}
% %
% % \vspace*{0.10cm}
% % \item[-]{\cyr aksisimetrichni elementi sa \\
% % razvojem pomeranja u \\
% % trigonometrijske redove}
% %
% %
% % \vspace*{0.10cm}
% % \item[-]{\cyr uprosh\cj{}eno zemljtresno \\
% % optere\cj{}enje}
% %
% % \vspace*{0.10cm}
% % \item[-]{\cyr vrlo korisna analiza \\
% % interakcije zemljotresa, \\
% % tla i konstrukcije }
% % %
% % % \item[-]{\cyr }
% %
% %
% % \end{itemize}
% %
% %
% \vspace*{-6.2cm}
% %
\begin{center}
\begin{figure}[!htbp]
\includegraphics[width=6.2cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2018/USBR_22Aug2018/present/Monticelo_dam_glory_hole_spillway_01.jpg}
\hfill
\includegraphics[width=4.2cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2018/USBR_22Aug2018/present/DiplomskiModel.pdf}
\end{figure}
\end{center}
%\vspace*{-2.0cm}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Behkme Dam Project, Iraq, '89-'90}
\begin{center}
\begin{figure}[!htbp]
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%\includegraphics[width=4cm]{/home/jeremic/public_html/Bekhme/Bekhme_panorama_pogled_na_levu_obalu_istok_April_1990.jpg}
%
\href{http://sokocalo.engr.ucdavis.edu/~jeremic/Bekhme/Bekhme_panorama_pogled_na_istok_jug_zapad_April_1990.jpg}
{\includegraphics[width=7cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2018/USBR_22Aug2018/present/Bekhme_panorama_pogled_na_istok_jug_zapad_April_1990_SMALL.jpg}}
\\
\href{http://sokocalo.engr.ucdavis.edu/~jeremic/Bekhme/Bekhme_panorama_pogled_na_tunele_jug_zapad_April_1990.jpg}
{\includegraphics[width=7cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2018/USBR_22Aug2018/present/Bekhme_panorama_pogled_na_tunele_jug_zapad_April_1990_SMALL.jpg}}
\\
\href{http://sokocalo.engr.ucdavis.edu/~jeremic/Bekhme/Bekhme_panorama_pogled_na_levu_obalu_istok_April_1990.jpg}
{\includegraphics[width=7cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2018/USBR_22Aug2018/present/Bekhme_panorama_pogled_na_levu_obalu_istok_April_1990_SMALL.jpg}}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Wolf Creek Dam, '09-'10}
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\begin{figure}[!htbp]
\begin{center}
\includegraphics[width=3.0cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/lecture_notes_SOKOCALO/Figure-files/_Chapter_Applications_Slope_Stability_in_2D_and_3D/WolfCreekDam_SateliteView01.jpg}
\hfill
\includegraphics[width=2.0cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/lecture_notes_SOKOCALO/Figure-files/_Chapter_Applications_Slope_Stability_in_2D_and_3D/WolfCreekDam_SatelliteView_with_slope01.jpg}
\hfill
\includegraphics[width=2.0cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/lecture_notes_SOKOCALO/Figure-files/_Chapter_Applications_Slope_Stability_in_2D_and_3D/img-0188.jpg}
\hfill
\includegraphics[width=2.6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/lecture_notes_SOKOCALO/Figure-files/_Chapter_Applications_Slope_Stability_in_2D_and_3D/WolfCreekDam_Q2-61_621_Embankment_Sep_30_48.jpg}
\\
\includegraphics[width=3.0cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/lecture_notes_SOKOCALO/Figure-files/_Chapter_Applications_Slope_Stability_in_2D_and_3D/WolfCreekDam_PerpendicularSection.jpg}
\hfill
\includegraphics[width=2.0cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/lecture_notes_SOKOCALO/Figure-files/_Chapter_Applications_Slope_Stability_in_2D_and_3D/3D_final02.jpg}
\hfill
\includegraphics[width=2.0cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/lecture_notes_SOKOCALO/Figure-files/_Chapter_Applications_Slope_Stability_in_2D_and_3D/3D_final04.jpg}
\hfill
\includegraphics[width=2.0cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/lecture_notes_SOKOCALO/Figure-files/_Chapter_Applications_Slope_Stability_in_2D_and_3D/3D_final05.jpg}
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%\includegraphics[width=2.0cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/lecture_notes_SOKOCALO/Figure-files/_Chapter_Applications_Slope_Stability_in_2D_and_3D/3D_final_Top.jpg}
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\includegraphics[width=2.0cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/lecture_notes_SOKOCALO/Figure-files/_Chapter_Applications_Slope_Stability_in_2D_and_3D/Undrained-Su440-Vector-Plan_snapshot.jpg}
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\includegraphics[width=2.5cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/lecture_notes_SOKOCALO/Figure-files/_Chapter_Applications_Slope_Stability_in_2D_and_3D/WCD_Undrained_L680_E680_Su800_Alluvium_Su1500_FS250.jpg}
\hfill
\includegraphics[width=2.5cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/lecture_notes_SOKOCALO/Figure-files/_Chapter_Applications_Slope_Stability_in_2D_and_3D/WCD_Undrained_L680_E680_Su900_Alluvium_Su1000_FS222.jpg}
\hfill
\includegraphics[width=2.5cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/lecture_notes_SOKOCALO/Figure-files/_Chapter_Applications_Slope_Stability_in_2D_and_3D/WCD_Undrained_L680_E720_Su1300_FS154.jpg}
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\subsection{Real-ESSI Simulator System}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Real-ESSI Simulator System}
The Real-ESSI, Realistic
{\underline {\bf M}}odeling and
{\underline {\bf S}}imulation of
{\underline {\bf E}}arthquakes,
{\underline {\bf S}}oils,
{\underline {\bf S}}tructures and their
{\underline {\bf I}}nteraction. Simulator is a software, hardware and
documentation system for high fidelity, high performance, time domain,
nonlinear/inelastic, deterministic or probabilistic, 3D, finite element modeling
and simulation of:
\begin{itemize}
%\vspace*{1mm}
\item[-]statics and dynamics of soil,
\vspace*{1mm}
\item[-] statics and dynamics of rock,
\vspace*{1mm}
\item[-] statics and dynamics of structures,
\vspace*{1mm}
\item[-] statics of soil-structure systems, and
\vspace*{1mm}
\item[-] dynamics of earthquake-soil-structure system interaction
\end{itemize}
\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Real-ESSI Simulator System}
\begin{itemize}
\item[-]Real-ESSI System Components
\begin{itemize}
\item[-]Real-ESSI Pre-processor (gmsh/gmESSI, X2ESSI)
\item[-]Real-ESSI Program (local, remote, cloud)
\item[-]Real-ESSI Post-Processor (Paraview, Python, Matlab)
\end{itemize}
\vspace*{1mm}
\item[-]Real-ESSI System availability:
\begin{itemize}
%\vspace*{1mm}
\item[-]Educational Institutions: Amazon Web Services (AWS), free
\item[-]Government Agencies, National Labs: AWS GovCloud
\item[-]Professional Practice: AWS, commercial
%\vspace*{1mm}
%%\vspace*{1mm}
% \item[-]Sources available to collaborators
\end{itemize}
\vspace*{1mm}
\item[-]Real-ESSI Short Courses, material available online in my lecture notes
\vspace*{1mm}
\item[-]System description and documentation at \url{http://real-essi.us/}
% \vspace*{2mm}
% \item
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\end{itemize}
\end{frame}
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% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Quality Assurance}
%
% \begin{itemize}
%
% \item[-]Full verification suit for each element, model, algorithm
%
% \vspace*{4mm}
% \item[-]Certification process in progress for NQA-1 and ISO-90003-2014
%
% %\vspace*{3mm}
% %\item[] Verification examples given below
%
% \end{itemize}
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% \end{frame}
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% %-------------------------------------------------------
% \begin{frame}{High Fidelity (Parametric, Geometric and Algorithmic)}
%
% \begin{figure}
% \includegraphics[width=0.95\textwidth]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/YuanFeng/Files_06June2017/latex_slides/Figure-files/verification/asymptotic_converge.png}
% \end{figure}
% \end{frame}
%
% % \begin{frame}{One of Verification Techniques}
% % Richardson Extrapolation
% % \begin{itemize}
% % \item[] Stress solution with the strain increment size as:
% % \begin{equation}
% % \sigma(d\epsilon) = \sigma^* + C d\epsilon^{\beta} + O(d\epsilon^{\beta+1})
% % \end{equation}
% % where $\sigma^*$ is the accurate result.
% %
% % \item[] Richardson extrapolation is defined as
% % \begin{equation}
% % \begin{aligned}
% % R(d\epsilon, k) & = \frac{k^{\beta}\sigma(d\epsilon) - \sigma(k d\epsilon) } { k^{\beta} - 1} \\
% % & = \frac{k^{\beta}
% % \left(\sigma^* + C d\epsilon^{\beta} + O(d\epsilon^{\beta+1}) \right) }
% % { k^{\beta} - 1}
% % -
% % \frac{\sigma^* + C k^{\beta} d\epsilon^{\beta} + O(d\epsilon^{\beta+1}) }
% % { k^{\beta} - 1} \\
% % & = \sigma^* + O (d\epsilon^{\beta + 1})
% % \end{aligned}
% % \end{equation}
% % % The higher order error is cancelled out.
% % \end{itemize}
% % \end{frame}
% %
% %
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
% %-------------------------------------------------------
% \begin{frame}{Example: Verification for Elastoplastic Algorithms}
% Comparison between forward and backward Euler algorithms.
% \begin{figure}
% \includegraphics[width=0.5\textwidth]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/YuanFeng/Files_06June2017/latex_slides/Figure-files/verification/NonAssociate.pdf}
% \includegraphics[width=0.5\textwidth]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/YuanFeng/Files_06June2017/latex_slides/Figure-files/verification/verification_example.png}
% \end{figure}
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\section{Seismic Motions}
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\subsection{Regional Models}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{3D (6D) Seismic Motions}
\vspace*{2mm}
\begin{itemize}
\item[-] All (most) measured seismic motions are full 3C, 6C
\item[-] One example of an almost 2C motion (LSST07, LSST12)
% \vspace*{-5mm}
\begin{figure}[!hbpt]
\begin{center}
%
\hspace*{-5mm}
\includegraphics[width=5.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/lecture_notes_SOKOCALO/Figure-files/_Chapter_Applications_Earthquake_Soil_Structure_Interaction_General_Aspects/Lotung_LSST07_FA25.jpeg}
\includegraphics[width=5.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/lecture_notes_SOKOCALO/Figure-files/_Chapter_Applications_Earthquake_Soil_Structure_Interaction_General_Aspects/Lotung_LSST12_FA25.jpeg}
\hspace*{-5mm}
%
\end{center}
\end{figure}
%
% \item[-] 1D (?): M 6.9 San Pablo, Guatemala EQ, 14Jun2017
%
\end{itemize}
\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Regional Geophysical Models}
\begin{itemize}
\item[-]Free Field seismic motions on regional scale
\vspace*{4mm}
\item[-]Knowledge of geology (deep and shallow) needed
\vspace*{4mm}
\item[-]Developed using Real-ESSI or other regional scale modeling programs (SW4, SCEC...)
% \vspace*{4mm}
% \item[-]Developed using SW4 and/or Real-ESSI
%
%
% \vspace*{4mm}
% \item[-] Collaboration with LLNL: Dr.~Rodgers, Dr.~Pitarka and Dr.~Petersson
%
\end{itemize}
\end{frame}
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Regional Geophysical Models}
%
% \begin{figure}[!htb]
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[width=5truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2017/CompDyn2017/Present_PLENARY/San_Francisco__Regional_Model_BIG.jpg}
% \includegraphics[width=5.2truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2017/CompDyn2017/Present_PLENARY/San_Francisco__Regional_Model.jpg}
% \end{center}
% % \caption{\label{Fig:NPP_Model_In_Real_ESSI} Nuclear Power Plant Model with Shallow Foundation }
% \end{figure}
%
% Rodgers and Pitarka
%
% \end{frame}
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Regional Geophysical Models}
%
% \begin{figure}[!htb]
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[width=10truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2017/CompDyn2017/Present_PLENARY/USG-Bay_Area_Model_CC_det2_sm.jpg}
% \end{center}
% % \caption{\label{Fig:NPP_Model_In_Real_ESSI} Nuclear Power Plant Model with Shallow Foundation }
% \end{figure}
%
% USGS
%
% \end{frame}
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% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Example Regional Model}
%
% \begin{figure}[!htb]
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[width=5.5truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2017/CompDyn2017/Present_PLENARY/Vs_at_top.jpg}
% % \includegraphics[width=5truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2017/CompDyn2017/Present_PLENARY/Horizontal_Velocity_at_12s.jpg}
% \includegraphics[width=5truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2017/CompDyn2017/Present_PLENARY/Peak_Velocity.jpg}
% \end{center}
% % \caption{\label{Fig:NPP_Model_In_Real_ESSI} Nuclear Power Plant Model with Shallow Foundation }
% \end{figure}
%
% \end{frame}
%
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% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Example Regional Model (Rodgers)}
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%
%
%
%
% %\vspace*{5mm}
% \begin{center}
% %\hspace*{-5mm}
% %
% %\movie[label=show3,width=10.0cm,poster,autostart,showcontrols]
% \movie[label=show3,width=8.0cm,poster]
% %\movie[label=show3,width=6.0cm,poster,showcontrols]
% {\includegraphics[width=80mm]{/home/jeremic/public_html/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_ESSI_for_NPPs/NPP_animations_August2017/M6_5_s500_BASIN_STOCHASTIC_mag_SLOW.jpg}}
% {/home/jeremic/public_html/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_ESSI_for_NPPs/NPP_animations_August2017/M6_5_s500_BASIN_STOCHASTIC_mag_SLOW.mpg}
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% % online
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% \href{http://sokocalo.engr.ucdavis.edu/~jeremic/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_ESSI_for_NPPs/NPP_animations_August2017/M6_5_s500_BASIN_STOCHASTIC_mag_SLOW.mpg}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{ESSI: 6C or 1C Seismic Motions}
\begin{itemize}
\item[-]Assume that a full 6C (3C) motions at the surface are only recorded in one
horizontal direction
\item[-] From such recorded motions one can develop a vertically propagating shear
wave (1C) in 1D
\item[-] Apply such vertically propagating shear wave to same soil-structure
system
\end{itemize}
\vspace*{-3mm}
\begin{figure}[!H]
\begin{center}
\includegraphics[width=6.5cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2015/CompDyn/Present/6D_to_1D_01.jpg}
\end{center}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{6C Free Field Motions (closeup)}
%\vspace*{-2mm}
\begin{center}
\movie[label=show3,width=80mm,poster,showcontrols]
{\includegraphics[width=80mm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2016/IAEA_TecDoc_February2016/My_Current_Work/movie_input_closeup_mp4_icon.jpeg}}
{/home/jeremic/public_html/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_ESSI_for_NPPs/Free_Field_small_model_April2015/movie_input_closeup.mp4}
\end{center}
\begin{flushleft}
\href{http://sokocalo.engr.ucdavis.edu/~jeremic/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_ESSI_for_NPPs/Free_Field_small_model_April2015/movie_input_closeup.mp4}
{\tiny (MP4)}
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% local
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% out \href{http://sokocalo.engr.ucdavis.edu/~jeremic/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_Earthquake_Soil_Structure_Interaction_General_Aspects/ESSI_VisIt_movies_Jose_01AApr2015/movie_input_closeup.mp4}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{1C vs 6C Free Field Motions}
\begin{itemize}
\item[-]One component of motions (1D) from 3D
% or 3$\times$1D (it is done all the time!)
\item[-] Excellent fit
% (goal is to predict and inform and not (force) fit)
\end{itemize}
% local
%\vspace*{-2mm}
\begin{center}
\hspace*{-16mm}
%\movie[label=show3,width=5.6cm,poster,autostart,showcontrols]
\movie[label=show3,width=61mm,poster, showcontrols]
{\includegraphics[width=60mm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2016/IAEA_TecDoc_February2016/My_Current_Work/movie_ff_3d_mp4_icon.jpeg}}
{/home/jeremic/public_html/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_ESSI_for_NPPs/Model01_ESSI_Response_May2015/movie_ff_3d.mp4}
%\hspace*{-2mm}
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\movie[label=show3,width=61mm,poster, showcontrols]
{\includegraphics[width=60mm]
{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2016/IAEA_TecDoc_February2016/My_Current_Work/movie_ff_1d_mp4_icon.jpeg}}
{/home/jeremic/public_html/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_ESSI_for_NPPs/Model01_ESSI_Response_May2015/movie_ff_1d.mp4}
\hspace*{-16mm}
\end{center}
% local
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\begin{center}
\href{http://sokocalo.engr.ucdavis.edu/~jeremic/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_Earthquake_Soil_Structure_Interaction_General_Aspects/ESSI_VisIt_movies_Jose_19May2015/movie_ff_3d.mp4}
{\tiny (MP4)}
%
\href{http://sokocalo.engr.ucdavis.edu/~jeremic/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_Earthquake_Soil_Structure_Interaction_General_Aspects/ESSI_VisIt_movies_Jose_19May2015/movie_ff_1d.mp4}
{\tiny (MP4)}
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{\includegraphics[width=92mm]
{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2016/IAEA_TecDoc_February2016/My_Current_Work/movie_2_npps_mp4_icon.jpeg}}
{/home/jeremic/public_html/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_ESSI_for_NPPs/Model01_ESSI_Response_May2015/movie_2_npps.mp4}
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\subsection{Stress Test Motions}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Stress Testing SSI Systems}
\begin{itemize}
\item[-]Excite SSI system with a suite of seismic motions
%\vspace*{2mm}
\item[-] Waves: P, SV, Sh, Surface (Rayleigh, Love, etc.)
\item[-]Variation in inclination, frequency, energy and duration
\item[-]Try to "break" the system, shake-out strong and weak links
%\vspace*{3mm}
%\item[-]
\end{itemize}
\vspace*{-4mm}
\begin{figure}[!htb]
\begin{center}
\hspace*{-5mm}
\includegraphics[width=6.0cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2018/BestPSHANI/Presentation/stress_test_Best_SHANI_May2018.jpg}
\end{center}
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\begin{figure}[!htb]
\begin{center}
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%\includegraphics[width=4cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/consulting/2017/IAEA/TECDOC/Version_14Mar2017/1Dvs3x1Dvs3D_waves_02.pdf}
\includegraphics[width=7.0cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2018/WCCM2018/Present/1Dvs3x1Dvs3D_waves_03.pdf}
\hspace*{4mm}
\includegraphics[width=3.2cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2018/WCCM2018/Present/1Dvs3x1Dvs3D_waves_02.pdf}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Stress Test Source Signals}
\begin{itemize}
% \item[-]Gauss
% \begin{figure}[!hbpt]
% \begin{flushright}
% \vspace*{-0.5cm}
% \includegraphics[width=7.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/JoseAntonioAbellMena/Dyke_results/gauss.png}
% \end{flushright}
% \end{figure}
\item[-]Ricker
\begin{figure}[!hbpt]
\begin{flushright}
\vspace*{-1cm}
\includegraphics[width=4.5cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/lecture_notes_SOKOCALO/Figure-files/_Chapter_Verification_and_Validation_for_Seismic_Wave_Propagation_Problems/tex_works_Thesis_NimaTafazzoli_Dissertation_Nima_Dissertation_Chapter3_Ricker2nd.pdf}
\includegraphics[width=4.5cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/lecture_notes_SOKOCALO/Figure-files/_Chapter_Verification_and_Validation_for_Seismic_Wave_Propagation_Problems/tex_works_Thesis_NimaTafazzoli_Dissertation_Nima_Dissertation_Chapter3_Ricker2nd_FFT.pdf}
\hspace*{-0.7cm}
\end{flushright}
\end{figure}
\item[-]Ormsby
\begin{figure}[!hbpt]
\begin{flushright}
\vspace*{-1cm}
\includegraphics[width=4.5cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/lecture_notes_SOKOCALO/Figure-files/_Chapter_Verification_and_Validation_for_Seismic_Wave_Propagation_Problems/tex_works_Thesis_NimaTafazzoli_Dissertation_Nima_Dissertation_Chapter3_Ormsby.pdf}
\includegraphics[width=4.5cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/lecture_notes_SOKOCALO/Figure-files/_Chapter_Verification_and_Validation_for_Seismic_Wave_Propagation_Problems/tex_works_Thesis_NimaTafazzoli_Dissertation_Nima_Dissertation_Chapter3_Ormsby_FFT.pdf}
\hspace*{-0.7cm}
\end{flushright}
\end{figure}
\end{itemize}
% \begin{figure}[!hbpt]
% \begin{center}
% %
% \includegraphics[width=5.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/JoseAntonioAbellMena/Dyke_results/gauss.png}
% %
% \includegraphics[width=2.5cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/lecture_notes_SOKOCALO/Figure-files/_Chapter_Verification_and_Validation_for_Seismic_Wave_Propagation_Problems/tex_works_Thesis_NimaTafazzoli_Dissertation_Nima_Dissertation_Chapter3_Ricker2nd.pdf}
% \includegraphics[width=2.5cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/lecture_notes_SOKOCALO/Figure-files/_Chapter_Verification_and_Validation_for_Seismic_Wave_Propagation_Problems/tex_works_Thesis_NimaTafazzoli_Dissertation_Nima_Dissertation_Chapter3_Ricker2nd_FFT.pdf}
% %
% \includegraphics[width=2.5cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/lecture_notes_SOKOCALO/Figure-files/_Chapter_Verification_and_Validation_for_Seismic_Wave_Propagation_Problems/tex_works_Thesis_NimaTafazzoli_Dissertation_Nima_Dissertation_Chapter3_Ormsby.pdf}
% \includegraphics[width=2.5cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/lecture_notes_SOKOCALO/Figure-files/_Chapter_Verification_and_Validation_for_Seismic_Wave_Propagation_Problems/tex_works_Thesis_NimaTafazzoli_Dissertation_Nima_Dissertation_Chapter3_Ormsby_FFT.pdf}
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%\subsection{Local Geology Effects}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Layered Soil Models}
\vspace*{5mm}
\begin{itemize}
% \item[-]Uniform soil/rock, to show surface waves
% \vspace*{1mm}
% \item[-] (a) Horizontal layers
% \item[-] (b) Vary source location
% \vspace*{-12mm}
% \begin{figure}[!hbpt]
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% %
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% %
% \end{flushright}
% \end{figure}
% %\vspace*{10mm}
\item[-]Point source location matrix
\item[-]Plane waves matrix (Thomson and Haskel solution)
% \item[-]Wave strike and dip, Magnitude, Frequency variations
\end{itemize}
%\vspace*{-5mm}
\begin{figure}[!hbpt]
\begin{center}
%
%\hspace*{-5mm}
\includegraphics[width=10.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/JoseAntonioAbellMena/Dyke_results/geom.png}
%
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% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Layered System, Variable Source Depth}
%
% \vspace*{2mm}
%
% \begin{itemize}
%
% \item[-]Epicenter is $2500$m away from the location of interest
%
% \item[-]Source depth $850$m (softer layers) and $2500$m (hard rock)
%
% \item[-]Different wave propagation path to the point of interest
%
% \item[-]Surface waves quite pronounced
%
% \end{itemize}
%
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% \begin{figure}[!hbpt]
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% %
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% %\includegraphics[width=4.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/JoseAntonioAbellMena/Dyke_results/dyke_no/bh_x_output_z850_dip45_gaussx4750.png}
% \includegraphics[width=6.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/JoseAntonioAbellMena/Dyke_results/dyke_no/borehole_ux_gauss_x5000.png}
% \includegraphics[width=6.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/JoseAntonioAbellMena/Dyke_results/dyke_no/borehole_uz_gauss_x5000.png}
% %\includegraphics[width=4.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/JoseAntonioAbellMena/Dyke_results/dyke_no/bh_x_output_z850_dip45_gaussx5250.png}
% %
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\frametitle{Layered System, Variable Source Depth}
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% {\includegraphics[width=50mm]{movie_ff_1d_mp4_icon.jpeg}}
% \end{center}
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\vspace*{10mm}
\begin{center}
\hspace*{-15mm}
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\movie[label=show3,width=6.0cm,poster,autostart,showcontrols]
{\includegraphics[width=60mm]
{/home/jeremic/public_html/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_Earthquake_Soil_Structure_Interaction_General_Aspects/Layered_and_Dyke/Layered_850_ff.jpg}}
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{\includegraphics[width=60mm]
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\href{http://sokocalo.engr.ucdavis.edu/~jeremic/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_Earthquake_Soil_Structure_Interaction_General_Aspects/Layered_and_Dyke/Layered_850_ff.mp4}
% \href{./homo_50m-mesh_45degree_Ormsby.mp4}
{\tiny (MP4)}
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\hspace*{55mm}
\href{http://sokocalo.engr.ucdavis.edu/~jeremic/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_Earthquake_Soil_Structure_Interaction_General_Aspects/Layered_and_Dyke/Layered_2500_ff.mp4}
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{\tiny (MP4)}
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% \href{http://sokocalo.engr.ucdavis.edu/~jeremic/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_Earthquake_Soil_Structure_Interaction_General_Aspects/ESSI_VisIt_movies_Jose_19May2015/movie_ff_3d.mp4}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Layered System, Displacement Traces}
%\vspace*{5mm}
\begin{itemize}
\item[-]Epicenter is $2500$m away from the location of interest
\item[-]Source depth $850$m (left) and $2500$m (right)
\item[-]Different wave propagation path to the point of interest
\item[-]Surface waves quite pronounced
% \item[-]Surface waves present
\item[-]Layered geology did not filter out surface waves
% \item[-]Mildly incoherent motions
\end{itemize}
\vspace*{-3mm}
\begin{figure}[!hbpt]
\begin{center}
%
\hspace*{-5mm}
\includegraphics[width=5.2truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/JoseAntonioAbellMena/Dyke_results/dyke_no/cut_output_z850_dip45_gauss.png}
\includegraphics[width=5.2truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/JoseAntonioAbellMena/Dyke_results/dyke_no/cut_output_z2500_dip45_gauss.png}
%\hspace*{-4mm}
%
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\frametitle{Free Field, Variation in Input Frequency, $\theta = 60^{o}$}
% Elastoplastic soil with contact elements
%% Both solid and contact elements dissipate energy
% \vspace*{-5mm}
\begin{center}
% \hspace*{-15mm}
%\movie[label=show3,width=10cm,poster,autostart,showcontrols]
\movie[label=show3,width=10cm,poster,showcontrols]
{\includegraphics[width=10cm]
{/home/jeremic/public_html/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_ESSI_for_NPPs/Free_Field_animations_angle_or_frequency_variation/Free_Field_variation_in_wave_frequency.jpg}}
{/home/jeremic/public_html/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_ESSI_for_NPPs/Free_Field_animations_angle_or_frequency_variation/free_field_frequency.mp4}
\end{center}
% online
\vspace*{-12mm}
\begin{flushleft}
\hspace*{-4mm}
\href{http://sokocalo.engr.ucdavis.edu/~jeremic/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_ESSI_for_NPPs/Free_Field_animations_angle_or_frequency_variation/free_field_frequency.mp4}
{\tiny (MP4)}
\end{flushleft}
% online
\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
\frametitle{SMR ESSI, Variation in Input Frequency, $\theta = 60^{o}$}
% Elastoplastic soil with contact elements
%% Both solid and contact elements dissipate energy
% \vspace*{-5mm}
\begin{center}
% \hspace*{-15mm}
%\movie[label=show3,width=10cm,poster,autostart,showcontrols]
\movie[label=show3,width=10cm,poster,showcontrols]
{\includegraphics[width=10cm]
{/home/jeremic/public_html/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_ESSI_for_NPPs/Free_Field_animations_angle_or_frequency_variation/ESSI_SMR_variation_in_wave_frequency.jpg}}
{/home/jeremic/public_html/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_ESSI_for_NPPs/Free_Field_animations_angle_or_frequency_variation/SMR_frequency.mp4}
\end{center}
% online
\vspace*{-12mm}
\begin{flushleft}
\hspace*{-4mm}
\href{http://sokocalo.engr.ucdavis.edu/~jeremic/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_ESSI_for_NPPs/Free_Field_animations_angle_or_frequency_variation/SMR_frequency.mp4}
{\tiny (MP4)}
\end{flushleft}
% online
\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Dyke/Sill Intrusion, Variable Source Depth}
%
% \begin{itemize}
%
% \item[-]Lower amplitudes than with layered only model!
%
% \item[-]Difference in body and surface wave arrivals
%
% \item[-]Surface waves present
%
% \end{itemize}
%
%
%
% \begin{figure}[!hbpt]
% \begin{center}
% %
% \hspace*{-5mm}
% %\includegraphics[width=4.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/JoseAntonioAbellMena/Dyke_results/dyke_right/bh_x_output_z850_dip45_gaussx4750.png}
% \includegraphics[width=6.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/JoseAntonioAbellMena/Dyke_results/dyke_right/borehole_ux_gauss_x5000.png}
% \includegraphics[width=6.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/JoseAntonioAbellMena/Dyke_results/dyke_right/borehole_uz_gauss_x5000.png}
% %\includegraphics[width=4.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/JoseAntonioAbellMena/Dyke_results/dyke_right/bh_x_output_z850_dip45_gaussx5250.png}
% %
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
%
% \end{frame}
%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Dyke/Sill Intrusion, Variable Source Depth}
%
%
% \vspace*{5mm}
%
% \begin{itemize}
%
%
% \item[-]Lower amplitudes than with layered only model!
%
% \item[-]Difference in body and surface wave arrivals
%
% \item[-]Surface waves present, more complicated wave field
%
% % \item[-]Incoherent motion field
% %
% % \item[-]Note incoherence is in 2D (and really in 3D, it is reduced, for this model)
%
%
% \end{itemize}
% \vspace*{-5mm}
%
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%
% \begin{figure}[!hbpt]
% \begin{center}
% %
% \includegraphics[width=5.5truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/JoseAntonioAbellMena/Dyke_results/dyke_right/cut_output_z850_dip45_gauss.png}
% \includegraphics[width=5.5truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/JoseAntonioAbellMena/Dyke_results/dyke_right/cut_output_z2500_dip45_gauss.png}
% %
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
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% \end{frame}
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% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Dyke/Sill Intrusion, Variable Source Depth}
%
% %
% % \begin{center}
% % \href{http://sokocalo.engr.ucdavis.edu/~jeremic/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_Earthquake_Soil_Structure_Interaction_General_Aspects/ESSI_VisIt_movies_Jose_19May2015/movie_ff_3d.mp4}
% % {\includegraphics[width=50mm]{movie_ff_3d_mp4_icon.jpeg}}
% % %
% % \href{http://sokocalo.engr.ucdavis.edu/~jeremic/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_Earthquake_Soil_Structure_Interaction_General_Aspects/ESSI_VisIt_movies_Jose_19May2015/movie_ff_1d.mp4}
% % {\includegraphics[width=50mm]{movie_ff_1d_mp4_icon.jpeg}}
% % \end{center}
% %
%
% %\vspace*{-2mm}
% \begin{center}
% \hspace*{-15mm}
% %
% \movie[label=show3,width=6.0cm,poster,autostart,showcontrols]
% {\includegraphics[width=50mm]{BJicon.png}}{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/JoseAntonioAbellMena/Dyke_results/movie02.mp4}
% %
% \movie[label=show3,width=6.0cm,poster,autostart,showcontrols]
% {\includegraphics[width=50mm]{BJicon.png}}{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/JoseAntonioAbellMena/Dyke_results/movie03.mp4}
% \hspace*{-15mm}
% %
% \end{center}
%
%
% \vspace*{-5mm}
% %
% \begin{flushleft}
% \href{http://sokocalo.engr.ucdavis.edu/~jeremic/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_Earthquake_Soil_Structure_Interaction_General_Aspects/Layered_and_Dyke/Dyke_850_ff.mp4}
% % \href{./homo_50m-mesh_45degree_Ormsby.mp4}
% {\tiny (MP4)}
% %
% \hspace*{55mm}
% \href{http://sokocalo.engr.ucdavis.edu/~jeremic/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_Earthquake_Soil_Structure_Interaction_General_Aspects/Layered_and_Dyke/Dyke_2500_ff.mp4}
% % \href{./homo_50m-mesh_45degree_Ormsby.mp4}
% {\tiny (MP4)}
% \end{flushleft}
% %
%
%
%
%
% % \begin{flushleft}
% % \vspace*{-15mm}
% % \href{http://sokocalo.engr.ucdavis.edu/~jeremic/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_Earthquake_Soil_Structure_Interaction_General_Aspects/ESSI_VisIt_movies_Jose_19May2015/movie_ff_3d.mp4}
% % % \href{./homo_50m-mesh_45degree_Ormsby.mp4}
% % {\tiny (MP4)}
% % \end{flushleft}
% % %
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%
% \end{frame}
%
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% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Dyke/Sill as Seismic Energy Sink}
%
% \vspace*{2mm}
%
% \begin{itemize}
%
% \item[-] Dyke/Sill (right Fig), made of stiff rock, is an energy sink, as well as energy
% reflector
%
% \item[-] Variable wave lengths behave differently, depending on dyke/sill geometry
% and location
%
%
% \end{itemize}
%
% \vspace*{-5mm}
%
%
% \begin{figure}[!hbpt]
% \begin{center}
% %
% \includegraphics[width=5.5truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/JoseAntonioAbellMena/Dyke_results/dyke_no/cut_output_z2500_dip45_gauss.png}
% \includegraphics[width=5.5truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/JoseAntonioAbellMena/Dyke_results/dyke_right/cut_output_z2500_dip45_gauss.png}
% %
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
%
% \end{frame}
%
%
% %
% % %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Importance of Realistic Seismic Motion Fields}
%
%
% \begin{itemize}
%
% \item[-] Developed synthetic (!) free field motions need to excite a number of
% (all!) possible responses from a nuclear facility
%
% \vspace*{3mm}
% \item[-] Knowledge of detailed geology is needed, geometry and material
% properties, including inelasticity of shallow layers
%
%
% \vspace*{3mm}
% \item[-] Reduction of modeling uncertainty
%
% \vspace*{3mm}
% \item[-]Direct use for Realistic ESSI simulations
%
%
%
%
% \end{itemize}
%
%
% \end{frame}
%
%
% %
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{6D vs 1D NPP ESSI Response Comparison}
%
%
% \vspace*{-2mm}
% \begin{center}
% \hspace*{-7mm}
% \movie[label=show3,width=8.8cm,poster,autostart,showcontrols]
% {\includegraphics[width=69mm]{BJicon.png}}
% {movie_2_npps.mp4}
% \end{center}
%
%
% \begin{flushleft}
% \vspace*{-15mm}
% \href{http://sokocalo.engr.ucdavis.edu/~jeremic/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_Earthquake_Soil_Structure_Interaction_General_Aspects/ESSI_VisIt_movies_Jose_19May2015/movie_2_npps.mp4}
% {\tiny (MP4)}
% \end{flushleft}
% %
%
%
%
% \end{frame}
%
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%
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% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Solid/Structure-Fluid Interaction: gmFoam}
% \begin{columns}[T]
% \begin{column}{.6\textwidth}
% \begin{itemize}
% % \vspace{-0.4cm}
% \item[] Mesh separation
% \begin{itemize}
% \item[] integrated geometry model %(solid \& fluid) based on gmsh
% \item[] FEM \& FVM mesh conversion
% \item[] handle discontinuous mesh
% \end{itemize}
% \item[] Incorporate gmESSI
% % \begin{itemize}
% % \item[] conveniently set BCs
% % \item[] input files easy generation
% % \end{itemize}
% \item[] Interface geometry extraction
%
% \item[] Interface class \textbf{SSFI} in Real-ESSI
% % \begin{itemize}
% % \item[] interface geometrical mapping
% % \item[] handle different mesh size
% % \item[] BCs interpolation \& updating
% % \item[] boundary mass conservation iteration
% % \end{itemize}
% \item[] Real-ESSI $\Longleftrightarrow$ SSFI $\Longleftrightarrow$ OpenFoam
% % \item[] Shepherd method
% % \begin{itemize}
% % \item[] Real-ESSI $\Longleftrightarrow$ SSFI $\Longleftrightarrow$ OpenFoam
% % \item[] explicit transient algorithm
% % \item[] handle different time step length
% % \end{itemize}
%
%
% \end{itemize}
% \vspace{0.2cm}
% % \scriptsize gmFoam: https://github.com/hexiang6666/gmFoam
% \end{column}
% \begin{column}{.4\textwidth}
% \vspace{-1cm}
% \begin{figure}[!H]
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[width=\textwidth]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HexiangWang/Files_08June2017/pic/gmFoam.pdf}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
% \end{column}
% \end{columns}
% \end{frame}
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% %
% % \begin{frame}
% % \frametitle{Semi-Coupled Solid Fluid Interaction}
% % \begin{itemize}
% % \item[] Utilize VOF implemented in interFoam
% % \setbeamertemplate{itemize items}[circle]
% % \begin{itemize}
% % \item[] avoid tracking free surface
% % \item[] relatively fixed BCs
% % \item[] relatively fixed background mesh
% % \end{itemize}
% % \end{itemize}
% % \vspace{-0.3cm}
% % \begin{itemize}
% % \item[] Interface class \textbf{SSFI} added in Real-ESSI
% % \setbeamertemplate{itemize items}[circle]
% % \begin{itemize}
% % \item[] interface geometrical mapping
% % \item[] handle different mesh size
% % \item[] BCs interpolation \& updating
% % \item[] boundary mass conservation iteration
% % \end{itemize}
% % \end{itemize}
% % \vspace{-0.3cm}
% % \begin{itemize}
% % \item[] Shepherd method
% % \setbeamertemplate{itemize items}[circle]
% % \begin{itemize}
% % \item[] Real-ESSI $\Longleftrightarrow$ SSFI $\Longleftrightarrow$ InterFoam
% % \item[] explicit transient algorithm
% % \item[] handle different time step length
% % \end{itemize}
% % \end{itemize}
% %
% % \end{frame}
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% %
% % \begin{frame}
% % \frametitle{Semi-Coupled Solid Fluid Interaction}
% % Implemented in Real-ESSI based on explicit transient algorithm
% % \begin{figure}[!H]
% % \begin{center}
% % \includegraphics[width=.5\textwidth]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HexiangWang/Files_08June2017/pic/No_SSFI.pdf}\enspace
% % \includegraphics[width=0.5\textwidth]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HexiangWang/Files_08June2017/pic/SSFI.pdf}\enspace
% % \end{center}
% % \end{figure}
% % \quad \href{http://cml08.engr.ucdavis.edu/for_professor/fluid_model_simulation.mp4}{Water Break without SFI}\quad \quad \quad \quad \quad \href{http://cml08.engr.ucdavis.edu/for_professor/Solid_Fluid_Interaction.mp4}{Box Sloshing with SFI}
% % \end{frame}
% %
% % %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Solid/Structure-Fluid Interaction, Example}
%
%
%
% %\vspace*{-5mm}
% \begin{center}
% % \hspace*{-15mm}
% \movie[label=show3,width=9cm,poster,autostart,showcontrols]
% {\includegraphics[width=8.5cm]
% {/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2017/DOE_Project_Review_Meeting_LBNL_09June2017/Present/Solid-Fluid-Interaction.jpg}}
% {Solid_Fluid_Interaction.mp4}
% \end{center}
%
%
%
% \end{frame}
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% % %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% % \begin{frame}
% % \frametitle{NQA-11}
% %
% %
% %
% % \end{frame}
% %
% % %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% % \begin{frame}
% % \frametitle{ISO 90003}
% %
% %
% %
% % \end{frame}
% %
% %
%
%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Pine Flat Dam, Inclined Plane Waves}
%
% \vspace*{-5mm}
% \begin{center}
% % \hspace*{-15mm}
% \movie[label=show3,width=11cm,poster,autostart,showcontrols]
% {\includegraphics[width=11.0cm]
% {/home/jeremic/public_html/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_Concrete_Dams/Pine_Flat_Dam/dynamic_response_inclination.jpg}}
% {/home/jeremic/public_html/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_Concrete_Dams/Pine_Flat_Dam/dynamic_response_inclination.mp4}
% \end{center}
%
% \begin{flushleft}
% \vspace*{-15mm}
% \href{http://sokocalo.engr.ucdavis.edu/~jeremic/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_Concrete_Dams/Pine_Flat_Dam/dynamic_response_inclination.mp4}
% % \href{./homo_50m-mesh_45degree_Ormsby.mp4}
% {\tiny (MP4)}
% \end{flushleft}
% %
%
% \end{frame}
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%\section{Energy Dissipation}
%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\section{Inelasticity}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\subsection{Energy Dissipation}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Energy Input and Dissipation}
\begin{itemize}
\vspace*{1mm}
\item[] Energy input, dynamic forcing
\vspace*{4mm}
\item[] Energy dissipation outside SSI domain:
\begin{itemize}
\item[] SSI system oscillation radiation
\item[] Reflected wave radiation
\end{itemize}
%\vspace*{1mm}
\item[] Energy dissipation/conversion inside SSI domain:
\begin{itemize}
\item[] Inelasticity of soil, contact zone, structure, foundation, dissipators
\item[] Viscous coupling with internal/pore fluids, and external fluids
% % \item[] potential and kinetic energy
% \item[] potential $\leftarrow \! \! \! \! \! \! \rightarrow$ kinetic energy
\end{itemize}
%\vspace*{1mm}
% \item[] Numerical energy dissipation (numerical damping/production and period errors)
% \item[] Numerical energy dissipation (damping/production)
\item[] Numerical energy dissipation/production
\end{itemize}
%
\end{frame}
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Fully Coupled Formulation, u-p-U}
%
%
\begin{small}
\begin{eqnarray}
\hspace*{-13mm}
\left[ \begin{array}{ccc}
(M_s)_{KijL} & 0 & 0 \\
0 & 0 & 0 \\
0 & 0 & (M_f)_{KijL}
\end{array} \right]
\left[ \begin{array}{c}
\ddot{\overline{u}}_{Lj} \\
\ddot{\overline{p}}_N \\
\ddot{\overline{U}}_{Lj}
\end{array} \right]
+
\left[ \begin{array}{ccc}
(C_1)_{KijL} & 0 & -(C_2)_{KijL} \\
0 & 0 & 0 \\
-(C_2)_{LjiK} & 0 & (C_3)_{KijL} \\
\end{array} \right]
\left[ \begin{array}{c}
\dot{\overline{u}}_{Lj} \\
\dot{\overline{p}}_N \\
\dot{\overline{U}}_{Lj}
\end{array} \right]
\nonumber
\\
+
\left[ \begin{array}{ccc}
(K^{EP})_{KijL} & -(G_1)_{KiM} & 0 \\
-(G_1)_{LjM} & -P_{MN} & -(G_2)_{LjM} \\
0 & -(G_2)_{KiL} & 0
\end{array} \right]
\left[ \begin{array}{c}
\overline{u}_{Lj} \\
\overline{p}_M \\
\overline{U}_{Lj}
\end{array} \right]
=
\left[ \begin{array}{c}
\overline{f}_{Ki}^{solid} \\
0 \\
\overline{f}_{Ki}^{fluid}
\end{array} \right] \nonumber
%\\
%\label{68}
\end{eqnarray}
\end{small}
%
%
%
\end{frame}
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Fully Coupled Formulation, u-p-U}
%
%
%
%
%
\begin{eqnarray}
\hspace*{-10mm} (M_s)_{KijL}&=&\int_{\Omega} H_K^u (1-n) \rho_s \delta_{ij} H_L^u d\Omega
\hspace*{5mm} (M_f)_{KijL}=\int_{\Omega} H_K^U n \rho_f \delta_{ij} H_L^U d\Omega \nonumber\\
\hspace*{-10mm} (C_1)_{KijL}&=&\int_{\Omega} H_K^u n^2 k_{ij}^{-1} H_L^u d\Omega
\hspace*{5mm} (C_2)_{KijL}=\int_{\Omega} H_K^u n^2 k_{ij}^{-1} H_L^U d\Omega \nonumber\\
\hspace*{-10mm} (C_3)_{KijL}&=&\int_{\Omega} H_K^U n^2 k_{ij}^{-1} H_L^U d\Omega
\hspace*{5mm} (K^{EP})_{KijL}=\int_{\Omega} H_{K,m}^u D_{imjn} H_{L,n}^u d\Omega \nonumber\\
\hspace*{-10mm} (G_1)_{KiM}&=&\int_{\Omega} H_{K,i}^u (\alpha-n) H_M^p d\Omega
\hspace*{5mm} (G_2)_{KiM}=\int_{\Omega} n H_{K,i}^U H_M^p d\Omega \nonumber\\
\hspace*{-10mm} P_{NM}&=&\int_{\Omega} H_N^p \frac{1}{Q} H_M^p d\Omega \nonumber
\end{eqnarray}
%
%
%
%
%\newpage
% \begin{eqnarray}
% \overline{f}_{Ki}^{solid}&=&(f_1^u)_{Ki}-(f_4^u)_{Ki}+(f_5^u)_{Ki} \nonumber\\
% \overline{f}_{Ki}^{fluid}&=&-(f_1^U)_{Ki}+(f_2^U)_{Ki} \nonumber\\
% (f_1^u)_{Ki}&=&\int_{\Gamma_t} H_K^u n_j \sigma_{ij}^{''} d\Gamma \nonumber\\
% (f_4^u)_{Ki}&=&\int_{\Gamma_p} H_K^u (\alpha-n) n_i p d\Gamma \nonumber\\
% (f_5^u)_{Ki}&=&\int_{\Omega} H_K^u (1-n) \rho_s b_i d\Omega \nonumber\\
% (f_1^U)_{Ki}&=&\int_{\Gamma_p} n H_K^U n_i p d\Gamma \nonumber\\
% (f_2^U)_{Ki}&=&\int_{\Omega} n H_K^U \rho_f b_i d\Omega
% \label{69}
% \end{eqnarray}
%
%
\end{frame}
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Energy Dissipation Control Mechanisms}
\begin{figure}[!H]
%\hspace*{-10mm}
\includegraphics[width=3.4cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HanYang/Files_Energy_dissipation_01Dec2017/case_plasticity.pdf}
\includegraphics[width=3.4cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HanYang/Files_Energy_dissipation_01Dec2017/case_Rayleigh.pdf}
\includegraphics[width=3.4cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HanYang/Files_Energy_dissipation_01Dec2017/case_Newmark.pdf}
\end{figure}
% \hspace*{10mm} Numerical \hspace*{20mm} Viscous \hspace*{20mm} Plasticity
\hspace*{10mm} Plasticity \hspace*{20mm} Viscous \hspace*{20mm} Numerical
\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Energy Dissipation Control}
\begin{figure}[!H]
%\hspace*{-10mm}
% \includegraphics[width=3cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HanYang/Files_Energy_dissipation_01Dec2017/case_a.pdf}
% \includegraphics[width=3cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HanYang/Files_Energy_dissipation_01Dec2017/case_b.pdf}
\includegraphics[width=9cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HanYang/Files_Energy_dissipation_01Dec2017/case_g.pdf}
% \includegraphics[width=3cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HanYang/Files_Energy_dissipation_01Dec2017/case_e.pdf}
\end{figure}
\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
%
% \frametitle{Incremental Plastic Work: $d W_p = \sigma_{ij} \, d\epsilon_{ij}^{pl}$}
%
% \begin{itemize}
% \item[-]Negative incremental energy dissipation
% \item[-]Plastic work is NOT plastic dissipation
% \end{itemize}
%
% \begin{figure}[!H]
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[height=5.0cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HanYang/Files_06June2017/DOE_Annual_2017/Figures/Negative_Dissipation_Problem.png}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
%
% \end{frame}
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
%
% \frametitle{Negative incremental energy dissipation!}
%
% \begin{itemize}
% \item[-]Direct violation of the second law of thermodynamics
% \item[-]Where is the problem?
% \item[]
% \item[]
% \end{itemize}
%
% \end{frame}
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
%
% \frametitle{Negative incremental energy dissipation!}
%
% \begin{itemize}
% \item[-]Direct violation of the second law of thermodynamics
% \item[-]Where is the problem?
% \item[-]One important form of energy is missing!
% \item[-]\textbf{Plastic Free Energy}
% \end{itemize}
%
% \end{frame}
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% %
% % \subsection{Thermodynamics-Based Theory and Formulation}
% %
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
%
% \frametitle{Plastic Free Energy}
%
% \begin{itemize}
% \item[-]Direct violation of the second law of thermodynamics
% % \item[-]Where is the problem?
% \item[-]Missing is the plastic free energy
%
%
% \item[-]Multi-scale effect of particle interlocking/rearrangement
% \item[-]Strain energy on particle level
% \end{itemize}
%
% \begin{figure}[!h]
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[width=7truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HanYang/Files_06June2017/DOE_Annual_2017/Figures/Plastic_Free_Energy.png}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
%
% \end{frame}
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%f%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
%
% \frametitle{Energy Transformation in Elastic-Plastic Material}
%
% \begin{figure}[!H]
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[height=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HanYang/Files_06June2017/DOE_Annual_2017/Figures/Energy_Transformation.png}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
%
% \end{frame}
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
%
% \frametitle{Traditional Energy Components}
%
% \begin{itemize}
% \item[-]Kinetic Energy Density:
% \begin{equation*}
% d E_K({x},t) = \rho({x}) \, v_i({x}, t) \, d v_i({x}, t)
% \end{equation*}
%
% \item[-]Strain Energy Density:
% \begin{equation*}
% d E_S({x},t) = \sigma_{ij}({x},t) \, d \epsilon_{ij}^{el}({x}, t)
% \end{equation*}
%
% \vspace*{1mm}
%
% \item[-]Plastic Work Density:
% \begin{equation*}
% d W_P(x,t) = \sigma_{ij}(x,t) \, d \epsilon_{ij}^{pl}(x, t)
% \end{equation*}
% \end{itemize}
%
% \end{frame}
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
%
% \frametitle{Plastic Free Energy and Dissipation}
%
% \begin{itemize}
% \item[-]Free Energy
% \begin{itemize}
% \item[-]Based on the second law of thermodynamics
% \item[-]Decomposed into elastic and plastic components
% \end{itemize}
%
% \item[-]Plastic Free Energy
% \begin{itemize}
% \item[-]Decomposed into isotropic and kinematic components
% \item[-]Related to hardening laws in classic plasticity theory
% \item[-]Related to material state variables (back stress etc.)
% \end{itemize}
% \begin{equation*}
% d\Psi_{pl}^{iso} = \frac{1}{\kappa_1} k \, dk; \quad d\Psi_{pl}^{kin} = \frac{1}{a_1} \alpha_{ij} \, d \alpha_{ij}
% \end{equation*}
%
% \item[-]Energy Dissipation due to Plasticity
% \begin{itemize}
% \item[-]Incremental dissipation should always be nonnegative
% \end{itemize}
% \begin{equation*}
% d D_P = d W_P - d\Psi_{pl} = \sigma_{ij} \, d \epsilon^{pl}_{ij} - d\Psi_{pl} \ge 0
% \end{equation*}
% \end{itemize}
%
% \end{frame}
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
%
% \frametitle{Use Incremental Equation: $d\Phi = \sigma_{ij} \, d\epsilon_{ij}^{pl}$}
%
% \begin{itemize}
% \item[-]\textbf{Plastic Work} vs. \textbf{Energy Dissipation due to Plasticity}
% \end{itemize}
%
% \begin{figure}[!H]
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[height=5.5cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HanYang/Files_06June2017/DOE_Annual_2017/Figures/Negative_Dissipation_Problem2.png}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
%
% \end{frame}
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
%
%
%
% % %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% % %\begin{frame}
% % %
% % %\frametitle{Area of Hysteresis Loop}
% % %
% % %\begin{figure}[!H]
% % %\begin{center}
% % %\includegraphics[height=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HanYang/Files_06June2017/DOE_Annual_2017/Figures/Stress-Strain.png}
% % %\end{center}
% % %\end{figure}
% % %
% % %\end{frame}
% % %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% % %
% % %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% % %\begin{frame}
% % %
% % %\frametitle{Area of Hysteresis Loop}
% % %
% % %\begin{figure}[!H]
% % %\begin{center}
% % %\includegraphics[height=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HanYang/Files_06June2017/DOE_Annual_2017/Figures/Stress-Strain-Dissipation.png}
% % %\end{center}
% % %\end{figure}
% % %
% % %\end{frame}
% % %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% % %
% % %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% % %\begin{frame}
% % %
% % %\frametitle{Area of the Stress-Strain Loop}
% % %
% % %\begin{itemize}
% % %\item[] Evolving loop? Monotonic loading?
% % %\end{itemize}
% % %
% % %\begin{figure}[!H]
% % %\begin{center}
% % %\includegraphics[height=5.5cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HanYang/Files_06June2017/DOE_Annual_2017/Figures/Stress-Strain-Monotonic.png}
% % %\end{center}
% % %\end{figure}
% % %
% % %\end{frame}
% % %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% %\begin{frame}
% %
% %\frametitle{Use Incremental Equation: $\sigma_{ij} \, d\epsilon_{ij}^{pl}$}
% %
% %\end{frame}
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% % %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% % \begin{frame}
% %
% % \frametitle{Use Incremental Equation: $d\Phi = \sigma_{ij} \, d\epsilon_{ij}^{pl}$}
% %
% %
% % \end{frame}
% % %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% %
% % %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% % \begin{frame}
% %
% % \frametitle{Use Incremental Equation: $d\Phi = \sigma_{ij} \, d\epsilon_{ij}^{pl}$}
% %
% % \begin{itemize}
% % \item[] Notice any problem?
% % \end{itemize}
% %
% % \begin{figure}[!H]
% % \begin{center}
% % \includegraphics[height=5.5cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HanYang/Files_06June2017/DOE_Annual_2017/Figures/Negative_Dissipation.png}
% % \end{center}
% % \end{figure}
% %
% % \end{frame}
% % %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
%
% \frametitle{Incremental Equation: $d W = \sigma_{ij} \, d\epsilon_{ij}^{pl}$}
%
% \begin{itemize}
% \item[] PROBLEM: negative incremental energy dissipation!
% \item[] 600 papers since 1990 (!?!): \\
%
% \end{itemize}
%
% \begin{figure}[!H]
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[height=5cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HanYang/Files_06June2017/DOE_Annual_2017/Figures/Negative_Dissipation_Problem2.png}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
%
% \end{frame}
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% % %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% % \begin{frame}
% %
% % \frametitle{Negative incremental energy dissipation!}
% %
% % \begin{itemize}
% % \item[] Direct violation of the second law of thermodynamics
% % \item[] Where is the problem?
% % \item[]
% % \item[]
% % \end{itemize}
% %
% % \end{frame}
% % %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
%
% \frametitle{Negative Incremental Energy Dissipation!}
%
% \begin{itemize}
%
% \item[] Direct violation of the second law of thermodynamics
%
% \vspace*{3mm}
% \item[] 600 papers since 1990 (!?!) repeat this error
%
% \vspace*{3mm}
% \item[] Important form of energy missing: {Plastic Free Energy}
%
% \vspace*{3mm}
% \item[] First described by Taylor and Quinney in 1925 and then 1934!
%
% \vspace*{3mm}
% \item[] Plastic Work vs. {Plastic Energy Dissipation}
%
%
% %\vspace*{4mm}
% %\item[] However it seems to be forgotten
%
% \end{itemize}
%
% \end{frame}
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Energy Dissipation on Material Level}
\vspace*{2mm}
Single elastic-plastic element under cyclic shear loading
\begin{itemize}
\item[] Difference between plastic work and plastic dissipation
\item[] Plastic work can decrease
\item[] Plastic dissipation always increases
\end{itemize}
%\vspace*{-7mm}
\begin{figure}[!hbpt]
\begin{center}
\hspace*{-5mm}
\includegraphics[width=11.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HanYang/Files_06June2017/DOE_Annual_2017/Figures/Dissipation_Material.png}
\end{center}
\end{figure}
\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Inelastic Modeling for NPP and Components}
\begin{itemize}
%\vspace*{1mm}
\item[-]Soil elastic-plastic
\begin{itemize}
\item[-]Dry, single phase
\item[-]Unsaturated (partially saturated)
\item[-]Fully saturated
\end{itemize}
%\vspace*{1mm}
\item[-]Contact, inelastic, soil/rock -- foundation
\begin{itemize}
\item[-] Dry, single phase, Normal (hard and soft, gap open/close),
Friction (nonlinear)
\item[-]Fully saturated, suction and excess pressure (buoyant force)
\end{itemize}
%\vspace*{1mm}
\item[-]Structural inelasticity/damage
\begin{itemize}
\item[-]Nonlinear/inelastic 1D reinforced concrete fiber beam
\item[-]Nonlinear/inelastic 2D reinforced concrete element
\item[-]Alcali Silica Reaction concrete modeling
\end{itemize}
%%\vspace*{1mm}
% \item[-]Fluid-Solid interaction (open surface)
\end{itemize}
%
\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
\frametitle{NPP Model }
\begin{figure}[!h]
\begin{center}
\includegraphics[width=8.5cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/SumeetKumarSinha/Files_10Aug2017/Npp_Non_Linear_Effects/images/NPP_With_Shallow_Foundation.pdf}
\end{center}
% \caption{\label{Fig:NPP_Model_In_Real_ESSI} Nuclear Power Plant Model with Shallow Foundation }
\end{figure}
% \begin{tikzpicture}[remember picture,overlay]
% \node[xshift=3.5cm,yshift=-0.6cm] at (current page.center) {\includegraphics[width=0.5\textwidth]{images/Contact_In_Industry}};
% \end{tikzpicture}
\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Structure Model}
The nuclear power plant structure comprise of
\begin{itemize}
\item[-]Auxiliary building, $f^{aux}_{1}= 8Hz$
\item[-]Containment/Shield building, $f^{cont}_{1}= 4Hz$
\item[-]Concrete raft foundation: $3.5m$ thick
\end{itemize}
\begin{figure}[!h]
\begin{center}
\includegraphics[width=0.8\textwidth]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/SumeetKumarSinha/Files_10Aug2017/Npp_Non_Linear_Effects/images/NPP_Model_Auxiliary_And_Containment_Building.pdf}
\end{center}
\caption{\label{Fig:NPP_Structure_Model_In_Real_ESSI} Auxiliary and Containment Building }
\end{figure}
\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Inelastic Soil and Inelastic Contact}
\begin{itemize}
\item[-]Shear velocity of soil $V_s=500m/s$
\item[-]Undrained shear strength (Dickenson 1994) $V_s [m/s] = 23 (S_u [kPa])^{0.475}$
\item[-]For $V_s=500m/s$ Undrained Strength $S_u=650kPa$ and Young's Modulus of $E=1.3GPa$
\item[-]von Mises, Armstrong Frederick kinematic hardening
($S_u=650kPa$ at $\gamma=0.01\%$; $h_a = 30MPa$, $c_r = 25$)
\item[-]Soft contact (concrete-soil), gaping and nonlinear shear
\end{itemize}
\begin{figure}[!h]
\begin{center}
\includegraphics[width=4cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/SumeetKumarSinha/Files_10Aug2017/Npp_Non_Linear_Effects/images/Von_Mies_non_Linear_Hardening.pdf}
\includegraphics[width=3.5cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/SumeetKumarSinha/Files_10Aug2017/Npp_Non_Linear_Effects/images/SoftContact.pdf}
\end{center}
\end{figure}
\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
%
% \frametitle{Simulation Result}
%
% \begin{figure}[!h]
% \begin{center}
% \subfigure[Selected Locations
% \label{Specific_Locations}]{\includegraphics[width=0.45\textwidth]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/SumeetKumarSinha/Files_10Aug2017/Npp_Non_Linear_Effects/images/NPP_Selected_Location_For_Study.pdf}}
% \subfigure[Total Displacement
% \label{Total_Displacement}]{\includegraphics[width=0.40\textwidth]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/SumeetKumarSinha/Files_10Aug2017/Npp_Non_Linear_Effects/images/Total_Displacement_Z.pdf}}
% \end{center}
% \caption{\label{Fig:NPP_Selected_Location_For_Study} Locations selected to study non-linear effects and plot of total displacement at center of model}
% \end{figure}
%
%
% \end{frame}
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Acc. Response, Top of Containment Building}
\begin{figure}[!h]
\begin{center}
\hspace*{-8mm}
\includegraphics[width=3.4cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/SumeetKumarSinha/Files_10Aug2017/Npp_Non_Linear_Effects/images/D_Acceleration_X.pdf}
\includegraphics[width=3.4cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/SumeetKumarSinha/Files_10Aug2017/Npp_Non_Linear_Effects/images/D_Acceleration_Y.pdf}
\includegraphics[width=3.4cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/SumeetKumarSinha/Files_10Aug2017/Npp_Non_Linear_Effects/images/D_Acceleration_Z.pdf}
\\
\hspace*{-8mm}
\includegraphics[width=3.4cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/SumeetKumarSinha/Files_10Aug2017/Npp_Non_Linear_Effects/images/FFT_D_Acceleration_X.pdf}
\includegraphics[width=3.4cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/SumeetKumarSinha/Files_10Aug2017/Npp_Non_Linear_Effects/images/FFT_D_Acceleration_Y.pdf}
\includegraphics[width=3.4cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/SumeetKumarSinha/Files_10Aug2017/Npp_Non_Linear_Effects/images/FFT_D_Acceleration_Z.pdf}
% \caption{\label{Fig:Response_of_Top_of_Containment_Building} Seismic Response at Top of Containment Building}
\end{center}
\end{figure}
\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
%
% \frametitle{Response Comparison}
%
% \begin{figure}[!h]
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[width=\textwidth]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/SumeetKumarSinha/Files_10Aug2017/Npp_Non_Linear_Effects/images/Deformation_Of_NPP_At_11_Sec.pdf}
% \end{center}
% \caption{\label{Fig:Deformation_Of_NPP_At_11_Sec} Deformation of the NPP structure at 11 seconds (scaled by 100 times)}
% \end{figure}
% \begin{itemize}
% \item[-]Inelastic soil acts as a natural damper
% \item[-]Look at the response of containment building in this video \textbf{\tiny \url{http://cml06.engr.ucdavis.edu/~sumeet/for_boris/NPP_Non_Linear_Effects_Comparison.mp4}}
% \end{itemize}
%
% \end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
%
% \frametitle{Displacement Depth Trace }
% \begin{figure}[!h]
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[width=0.8\textwidth]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/SumeetKumarSinha/Files_10Aug2017/Npp_Non_Linear_Effects/images/Free_Field_SMIRT_2017.pdf}
% \caption{Free-Field}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
% \end{frame}
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
%
% \frametitle{Displacement Depth Trace }
% \begin{figure}[!h]
% \begin{minipage}{0.49\textwidth}
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[width=1.3\textwidth]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/SumeetKumarSinha/Files_10Aug2017/Npp_Non_Linear_Effects/images/Elastic_Without_Contact_SMIRT_2017.pdf}
% \caption{Elastic}
% \end{center}
% \end{minipage}
% \begin{minipage}{0.49\textwidth}
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[width=1.3\textwidth]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/SumeetKumarSinha/Files_10Aug2017/Npp_Non_Linear_Effects/images/Inelastic_With_Contact_SMIRT_2017.pdf}
% \caption{Inelastic}
% \end{center}
% \end{minipage}
% \end{figure}
% \end{frame}
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
%
% \frametitle{Acceleration Traces, Free Field }
% \begin{figure}[!h]
% \vspace*{-7mm}
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[width=12cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/SumeetKumarSinha/Files_10Aug2017/Npp_Non_Linear_Effects/images/Acceleration_Free_Field_SMIRT_2017.pdf}
% % \caption{Free-Field}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
% \end{frame}
%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Acceleration Traces, Elastic vs Inelastic }
\begin{figure}[!h]
\vspace*{-2mm}
\begin{center}
\hspace*{-15mm}
\includegraphics[width=7.0cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/SumeetKumarSinha/Files_10Aug2017/Npp_Non_Linear_Effects/images/Acceleration_Elastic_Without_Contact_SMIRT_2017.pdf}
\hspace*{-20mm}
\includegraphics[width=7.0cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/SumeetKumarSinha/Files_10Aug2017/Npp_Non_Linear_Effects/images/Acceleration_Inelastic_With_Contact_SMIRT_2017.pdf}
\hspace*{-12mm}
\end{center}
\end{figure}
\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
%
% \frametitle{Elastic and Inelastic Response: Differences}
%
% % Elastoplastic soil with contact elements
% %% Both solid and contact elements dissipate energy
%
% % \vspace*{-5mm}
% \begin{center}
% % \hspace*{-15mm}
% \movie[label=show3,width=10cm,poster,autostart,showcontrols]
% {\includegraphics[width=10cm]
% {/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/SumeetKumarSinha/Files_13Aug2017/NPP_Non_Linear_Effects_Sumeet.jpg}}
% {/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/SumeetKumarSinha/Files_13Aug2017/NPP_Non_Linear_Effects_Sumeet.mp4}
% \end{center}
%
%
%
% \begin{flushleft}
% \vspace*{-15mm}
% \href{http://sokocalo.engr.ucdavis.edu/~jeremic/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_ESSI_for_NPPs/NPP_animations_August2017/NPP_Non_Linear_Effects_Sumeet.mp4}
% % \href{./homo_50m-mesh_45degree_Ormsby.mp4}
% {\tiny (MP4)}
% \end{flushleft}
% %
%
%
% \end{frame}
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Energy Dissipation in Large-Scale Model (NPP)}
% Elastoplastic soil with contact elements
%% Both solid and contact elements dissipate energy
% \vspace*{-5mm}
\begin{center}
% \hspace*{-15mm}
\movie[label=show3,width=10cm,autostart,showcontrols]
{\includegraphics[width=10cm]
{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2017/SMiRT_24/present/3D_Nonlinear_Modeling_and_it_Effects/NPP_Plastic_Dissipation_grab.jpg}}
{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HanYang/Files_10Aug2017/NPP_Plastic_Dissipation.mp4}
\end{center}
\begin{flushleft}
\vspace*{-15mm}
\href{http://sokocalo.engr.ucdavis.edu/~jeremic/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_ESSI_for_NPPs/Energy_Dissipation_Animations/NPP_Plastic_Dissipation.mp4}
% \href{./homo_50m-mesh_45degree_Ormsby.mp4}
{\tiny (MP4)}
\end{flushleft}
%
\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Energy Dissipation for a SMR}
% Elastoplastic soil with contact elements
%% Both solid and contact elements dissipate energy
% \vspace*{-5mm}
\begin{center}
% \hspace*{-15mm}
%\movie[label=show3,width=9cm,poster,autostart,showcontrols]
\movie[label=show3,width=10cm,showcontrols]
{\includegraphics[width=10cm]
{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2017/SMiRT_24/present/Nonlinear_Analysis_of_ESSI_for_SMR/SMR_Energy_Dissipation_screen_grab.jpg}}
{/home/jeremic/public_html/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_ESSI_for_NPPs/Energy_Dissipation_Animations/SMR_Energy_Dissipation.mpg}
%{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HanYang/Files_16Aug2017/SMR_Energy_Dissipation.mp4}
\end{center}
\begin{flushleft}
\vspace*{-15mm}
\href{http://sokocalo.engr.ucdavis.edu/~jeremic/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_ESSI_for_NPPs/Energy_Dissipation_Animations/SMR_Energy_Dissipation.mp4}
% \href{./homo_50m-mesh_45degree_Ormsby.mp4}
{\tiny (MP4)}
\end{flushleft}
%
\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\subsection{Coupled Systems}
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Saturated Soil}
%
%
%
% \begin{itemize}
%
% \item[-] For fully and partially saturated layers of loose to medium sand,
% with fines, silt, and with in-between layers of low permeability clay,
% liquefaction is likely
%
%
% \vspace*{3mm}
% \item[-] Liquefaction can result in uniform and differential settlements!
%
% \vspace*{3mm}
% \item[-]Liquefaction can also base isolate objects \\
% {\tiny (Mahdi Taiebat, Boris Jeremic. Yannis F. Dafalias, Amir M. Kaynia,
% and Zhao Cheng. Propagation of Seismic Waves through Liquefied Soils. Soil
% Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, No. 30, pp 236-257, 2010.) }
%
%
% \vspace*{3mm}
% \item[-]Piles in liquefied soil, pile pinning effects \\
% ({\tiny (Zhao Cheng and Boris Jeremic. Numerical Simulations of Piles in Liquefied
% Soils. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, No. 29, pp 1405-1416, 2009.)}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Liquefaction as Base Isolation, Model}
\begin{figure}[!hbpt]
\begin{center}
\includegraphics[width=4.5truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2017/Slovenia_IAEA_short_course/present/SSI-Site_Response_Analysis/Liquefaction_04.jpg}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Liquefaction, Wave Propagation}
\begin{figure}[!hbpt]
\begin{center}
\includegraphics[width=5.5truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2017/Slovenia_IAEA_short_course/present/SSI-Site_Response_Analysis/Liquefaction_01.jpg}
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\frametitle{Liquefaction, Excess Pore Pressure Ratio}
\begin{figure}[!hbpt]
\begin{center}
\includegraphics[width=10truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2017/Slovenia_IAEA_short_course/present/SSI-Site_Response_Analysis/Liquefaction_02.jpg}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Liquefaction, Stress-Strain Response}
\begin{figure}[!hbpt]
\begin{center}
\includegraphics[width=5.5truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2017/Slovenia_IAEA_short_course/present/SSI-Site_Response_Analysis/Liquefaction_03.jpg}
\end{center}
\end{figure}
\end{frame}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Pile in Liquefiable Soil, Model}
\begin{figure}[!hbpt]
\begin{center}
\includegraphics[width=2.7truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/lecture_notes_SOKOCALO/Figure-files/_Chapter_Applications_Cyclic_Mobility_and_Liquefaction/tex_works_Papers_2008_Pile_in_liquefied_soil_upU_final_FEmesh3D.pdf}
\hfill
\includegraphics[width=3.5truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/lecture_notes_SOKOCALO/Figure-files/_Chapter_Applications_Cyclic_Mobility_and_Liquefaction/tex_works_Papers_2008_Pile_in_liquefied_soil_upU_final_FEmeshPileBeam.pdf}
%\hfill
\includegraphics[width=4truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/lecture_notes_SOKOCALO/Figure-files/_Chapter_Applications_Cyclic_Mobility_and_Liquefaction/tex_works_Papers_2008_Pile_in_liquefied_soil_upU_final_SFSIModelSetup_upU_01.pdf}
\end{center}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Pile in Liquefiable Soil, Pinning Effects}
\begin{figure}[!hbpt]
\begin{center}
\includegraphics[width=6truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2018/Oersted-DONG-Energy/present/Pile_in_liquefied_soil.jpg}
\end{center}
\end{figure}
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\frametitle{Buoyant Force Simulation}
\begin{figure}[!H]
\hspace*{-10mm}
\includegraphics[width=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HexiangWang/Files_SMiRT_11Aug2017/pic/upU_element_type_annotation.pdf}
\includegraphics[width=4.5cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HexiangWang/Files_SMiRT_11Aug2017/pic/bouyant_displacement.pdf}
\end{figure}
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% - % \begin{tikzpicture}[remember picture,overlay]
% - % \node[anchor=south west,inner sep=0pt] at ($(current page.south west)+(7.5cm,2.5cm)$) {
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% - % \end{tikzpicture}
% -
% - % \vspace{-1.4cm}
% \begin{itemize}
% \item[-]\scriptsize Upward structural displacement under buoyant force
% \end{itemize}
\end{frame}
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% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Solid/Structure-Fluid Interaction: gmFoam}
% \begin{columns}[T]
% \begin{column}{.6\textwidth}
% \begin{itemize}
% % \vspace{-0.4cm}
% \item[] Mesh separation
% \begin{itemize}
% \item[] integrated geometry model %(solid \& fluid) based on gmsh
% \item[] FEM \& FVM mesh conversion
% \item[] handle discontinuous mesh
% \end{itemize}
% \item[] Incorporate gmESSI
% % \begin{itemize}
% % \item[] conveniently set BCs
% % \item[] input files easy generation
% % \end{itemize}
% \item[] Interface geometry extraction
%
% \item[] Interface class \textbf{SSFI} in Real-ESSI
% % \begin{itemize}
% % \item[] interface geometrical mapping
% % \item[] handle different mesh size
% % \item[] BCs interpolation \& updating
% % \item[] boundary mass conservation iteration
% % \end{itemize}
% \item[] Real-ESSI $\Longleftrightarrow$ SSFI $\Longleftrightarrow$ OpenFoam
% % \item[] Shepherd method
% % \begin{itemize}
% % \item[] Real-ESSI $\Longleftrightarrow$ SSFI $\Longleftrightarrow$ OpenFoam
% % \item[] explicit transient algorithm
% % \item[] handle different time step length
% % \end{itemize}
%
%
% \end{itemize}
% \vspace{0.2cm}
% % \scriptsize gmFoam: https://github.com/hexiang6666/gmFoam
% \end{column}
% \begin{column}{.4\textwidth}
% \vspace{-1cm}
% \begin{figure}[!H]
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[width=\textwidth]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HexiangWang/Files_08June2017/pic/gmFoam.pdf}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
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% \end{columns}
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%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Semi-Coupled Solid Fluid Interaction}
% \begin{itemize}
% \item[] Utilize VOF implemented in interFoam
% \setbeamertemplate{itemize items}[circle]
% \begin{itemize}
% \item[] avoid tracking free surface
% \item[] relatively fixed BCs
% \item[] relatively fixed background mesh
% \end{itemize}
% \end{itemize}
% \vspace{-0.3cm}
% \begin{itemize}
% \item[] Interface class \textbf{SSFI} added in Real-ESSI
% \setbeamertemplate{itemize items}[circle]
% \begin{itemize}
% \item[] interface geometrical mapping
% \item[] handle different mesh size
% \item[] BCs interpolation \& updating
% \item[] boundary mass conservation iteration
% \end{itemize}
% \end{itemize}
% \vspace{-0.3cm}
% \begin{itemize}
% \item[] Shepherd method
% \setbeamertemplate{itemize items}[circle]
% \begin{itemize}
% \item[] Real-ESSI $\Longleftrightarrow$ SSFI $\Longleftrightarrow$ InterFoam
% \item[] explicit transient algorithm
% \item[] handle different time step length
% \end{itemize}
% \end{itemize}
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%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Semi-Coupled Solid Fluid Interaction}
% Implemented in Real-ESSI based on explicit transient algorithm
% \begin{figure}[!H]
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[width=.5\textwidth]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HexiangWang/Files_08June2017/pic/No_SSFI.pdf}\enspace
% \includegraphics[width=0.5\textwidth]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HexiangWang/Files_08June2017/pic/SSFI.pdf}\enspace
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
% \quad \href{http://cml08.engr.ucdavis.edu/for_professor/fluid_model_simulation.mp4}{Water Break without SFI}\quad \quad \quad \quad \quad \href{http://cml08.engr.ucdavis.edu/for_professor/Solid_Fluid_Interaction.mp4}{Box Sloshing with SFI}
% \end{frame}
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Solid/Structure-Fluid Interaction, Example}
%\vspace*{-5mm}
\begin{center}
% \hspace*{-15mm}
\movie[label=show3,width=9cm,poster,autostart,showcontrols]
{\includegraphics[width=8.5cm]
{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2017/DOE_Project_Review_Meeting_LBNL_09June2017/Present/Solid-Fluid-Interaction.jpg}}
{/home/jeremic/public_html/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_Earthquake_Soil_Structure_Interaction_General_Aspects/Fluid_Solid_interaction/Solid_Fluid_Interaction_NEW.mpeg}
\end{center}
\begin{flushleft}
\vspace*{-15mm}
\href{http://sokocalo.engr.ucdavis.edu/~jeremic/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_Earthquake_Soil_Structure_Interaction_General_Aspects/Fluid_Solid_interaction/Solid_Fluid_Interaction.mp4}
% \href{./homo_50m-mesh_45degree_Ormsby.mp4}
{\tiny (MP4)}
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\subsection{Concrete Dam}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Concrete Dam, Model}
\begin{itemize}
%\vspace*{1mm}
\item[] 3D solids, with BCs for 2D analysis
\item[] Linear elastic and inelastic material and interfaces
\item[] Energy dissipation: material, viscous, numerical, radiation
\item[] Seismic input, 1C, 3C, 6C, 3$\times$1C, using DRM
% \item[-]
\end{itemize}
\vspace*{-2mm}
\begin{figure}[!hbpt]
\begin{center}
%
\hspace*{-8mm}
\includegraphics[width=11.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Reports/2019/Pine_Flats_Dam_USSD/USSD_Dam_Report_2019/Figures/Model_Mesh_No_Reservior.pdf}
%
\end{center}
\end{figure}
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% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Mesh Refinement Effects}
%
% %\begin{itemize}
% %%\vspace*{1mm}
% % \item[-]Material properties provided
% %\end{itemize}
% %
% \begin{figure}[!hbpt]
% \begin{center}
% %
% \hspace*{-5mm}
% \includegraphics[width=11.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Reports/2019/Pine_Flats_Dam_USSD/USSD_Dam_Report_2019/Figures/Model_Refined_Mesh.pdf}
% %
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% \end{figure}
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% \end{frame}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Numerical Damping Effects, Dry, Elastic
{\Large $\ddot{u}_{hor}^{top}$},
{\Large ${\sigma}_{v}^{heel}$}}
%\begin{itemize}
%%\vspace*{1mm}
% \item[-]Vertical stress at max tension and max compression
%\end{itemize}
\begin{figure}[!hbpt]
\begin{center}
%
\hspace*{-5mm}
\includegraphics[width=5.5truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Reports/2019/Pine_Flats_Dam_USSD/USSD_Dam_Report_2019/Figures/Top_Horizontal_Acceleration_IU.pdf}
\hfill
\includegraphics[width=5.5truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Reports/2019/Pine_Flats_Dam_USSD/USSD_Dam_Report_2019/Figures/Different_NP_Heel_Vertical_Stress_IU.pdf}
\hspace*{-5mm}
%\\
%\includegraphics[width=4.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Reports/2019/Pine_Flats_Dam_USSD/USSD_Dam_Report_2019/Figures/Dam_Base_Vertical_Stress_Max_US.pdf}
%\includegraphics[width=4.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Reports/2019/Pine_Flats_Dam_USSD/USSD_Dam_Report_2019/Figures/Dam_Base_Vertical_Stress_Min_US.pdf}
%
\end{center}
\end{figure}
%
\end{frame}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Numerical Damping Effects, Wet, Inelastic
{\Large $\ddot{u}_{hor}^{top}$},
{\Large ${\sigma}_{v}^{heel}$}}
%\begin{itemize}
%%\vspace*{1mm}
% \item[-]Vertical stress at max tension and max compression
%\end{itemize}
\begin{figure}[!hbpt]
\begin{center}
%
\hspace*{-5mm}
%\includegraphics[width=5.5truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Reports/2019/Pine_Flats_Dam_USSD/USSD_Dam_Report_2019/Figures/Case_D3_Different_NP_Top_Horizontal_Acceleration_IU.pdf}
\includegraphics[width=5.5truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HanYang/Pine_Flat_Dam/nicer_plots_03Sep2019/new_figs_Sep2019/compare_numerical_damping/with_contact/Top_Horizontal_Acceleration_Zoomin.pdf}
\hfill
\includegraphics[width=5.5truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/HanYang/Pine_Flat_Dam/nicer_plots_03Sep2019/new_figs_Sep2019/compare_numerical_damping/with_contact/Heel_Vertical_Stress_Zoomin.pdf}
%\includegraphics[width=5.5truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Reports/2019/Pine_Flats_Dam_USSD/USSD_Dam_Report_2019/Figures/Case_D3_Different_NP_Top_Horizontal_Acceleration_IU.pdf}
\hspace*{-5mm}
%\\
%\includegraphics[width=4.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Reports/2019/Pine_Flats_Dam_USSD/USSD_Dam_Report_2019/Figures/Dam_Base_Vertical_Stress_Max_US.pdf}
%\includegraphics[width=4.0truecm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Reports/2019/Pine_Flats_Dam_USSD/USSD_Dam_Report_2019/Figures/Dam_Base_Vertical_Stress_Min_US.pdf}
%
\end{center}
\end{figure}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Concrete Dam, Inelastic Interface, Hydrostatic}
%\vspace*{-5mm}
\begin{center}
% \hspace*{-15mm}
\movie[label=show3,width=10cm,poster,autostart,showcontrols]
{\includegraphics[width=10.0cm]
{/home/jeremic/public_html/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_Concrete_Dams/Pine_Flat_Dam/Case_D3_Gap_Open_more.jpg}}
{/home/jeremic/public_html/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_Concrete_Dams/Pine_Flat_Dam/Case_D3_Gap_Open_more.mp4}
\end{center}
\begin{flushleft}
\vspace*{-15mm}
\href{http://sokocalo.engr.ucdavis.edu/~jeremic/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_Concrete_Dams/Pine_Flat_Dam/Case_D3_Gap_Open_more.mp4}
% \href{./homo_50m-mesh_45degree_Ormsby.mp4}
{\tiny (MP4)}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Pine Flat Dam, Hydrodynamic Pressure}
%\vspace*{-5mm}
\begin{center}
% \hspace*{-15mm}
\movie[label=show3,width=10cm,autostart,showcontrols]
{\includegraphics[width=10.0cm]
{/home/jeremic/public_html/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_Concrete_Dams/Pine_Flat_Dam/dynamic_pressure.jpg}}
{/home/jeremic/public_html/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_Concrete_Dams/Pine_Flat_Dam/dynamic_pressure.mp4}
\end{center}
\begin{flushleft}
\vspace*{-15mm}
\href{http://sokocalo.engr.ucdavis.edu/~jeremic/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_Concrete_Dams/Pine_Flat_Dam/dynamic_pressure.mp4}
% \href{./homo_50m-mesh_45degree_Ormsby.mp4}
{\tiny (MP4)}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Seismic Response, Inclined Plane Waves}
%\vspace*{-5mm}
\begin{center}
% \hspace*{-15mm}
\movie[label=show3,width=10cm,poster,autostart,showcontrols]
{\includegraphics[width=10.0cm]
{/home/jeremic/public_html/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_Concrete_Dams/Pine_Flat_Dam/dynamic_response_inclination.jpg}}
{/home/jeremic/public_html/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_Concrete_Dams/Pine_Flat_Dam/dynamic_response_inclination.mp4}
\end{center}
\begin{flushleft}
\vspace*{-15mm}
\href{http://sokocalo.engr.ucdavis.edu/~jeremic/lecture_notes_online_material/_Chapter_Applications_Concrete_Dams/Pine_Flat_Dam/dynamic_response_inclination.mp4}
% \href{./homo_50m-mesh_45degree_Ormsby.mp4}
{\tiny (MP4)}
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\section{Conclusion}
\subsection*{Summary}
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%
%
% \item[-]Max Planck:
% "A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and
% making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die, and
% a new generation grows up that is familiar with it." (Science advances one
% funeral at a time)
%
%
% \vspace*{3mm}
%
% \item[-] Fran{\c c}ois-Marie Arouet, Voltaire:
% "Le doute n'est pas une condition agr{\'e}able, mais la certitude est absurde."
%
% \vspace*{3mm}
%
% \item[-] Niklaus Wirth:
% "Software is getting slower more rapidly than hardware becomes faster."
% w
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Summary}
\begin{itemize}
% \item[-]Importance of using proper models correctly (verification,
% validation, level of sophistication)
%
% \item[-]Reduction of modeling uncertainty
%
\vspace*{1mm}
\item[-]Numerical modeling to predict and inform, rather than fit
%\vspace*{1mm}
% \item[-]Change of demand due to inelastic effects
%\vspace*{-1mm}
% \begin{itemize}
% \item[-]Reduction of dynamic motions
% \item[-]Increase in deformations
% \end{itemize}
\vspace*{1mm}
\item[-] Sophisticated inelastic/nonlinear modeling and simulations need to be
done carefully and in phases
\vspace*{1mm}
\item[-]Education and Training is the key!
\vspace*{1mm}
\item[-] Collaborators: Yang, Preisig, Tafazzoli, Feng, Yang,
Behbehani, Sinha, Wang, Pisan{\'o}, Abell, ...
\vspace*{1mm}
\item[-] Funding from and collaboration with the US-DOE, US-NRC, US-NSF,
CNSC-CCSN, UN-IAEA, CH-ENSI and Shimizu Corp. is greatly appreciated,
\vspace*{1mm}
\item[-]\url{http://real-essi.us/}
\end{itemize}
\end{frame}
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