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%Methods, Computation Platform, and Case Studies for
%Time-Domain Soil-Structures-Interaction Modeling and
%Simulation Incorporating Complex Seismic Loads
\title{The NRC ESSI Simulator}
%\subtitle
%{Include Only If Paper Has a Subtitle}
%\author[Author, Another] % (optional, use only with lots of authors)
%{F.~Author\inst{1} \and S.~Another\inst{2}}
% - Give the names in the same order as the appear in the paper.
% - Use the \inst{?} command only if the authors have different
% affiliation.
\pgfdeclareimage[height=0.25cm]{university-logo}{/home/jeremic/BG/amblemi/ucdavis_logo_blue_sm}
\pgfdeclareimage[height=0.9cm]{lbnl-logo}{/home/jeremic/BG/amblemi/lbnl-logo}
\pgfdeclareimage[height=0.9cm]{USNRC-logo}{/home/jeremic/BG/amblemi/5in-color-bl-nrc-logo}
\author[Jeremi{\'c} et al.] % (optional, use only with lots of authors)
%{Boris~Jeremi{\'c}}
{B. Jeremi{\'c},
A. Kammerer,
N. Tafazzoli,
B. Kamrani}
%\institute[Computational Geomechanics Group \hspace*{0.3truecm}
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{University of California, Davis, CA\\
% and\\
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA \\
U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington DC }
% - Use the \inst command only if there are several affiliations.
% - Keep it simple, no one is interested in your street address.
\date[] % (optional, should be abbreviation of conference name)
{\small SMiRT 21, New Delhi, India, November 2011}
\subject{}
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\section{Introduction}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Introduction}
\begin{itemize}
%\vspace*{0.6cm}
\item U.S.-NRC need: high fidelity (Hi-Fi) modeling and simulation of seismic response of NPPs
\begin{itemize}
\item 3 dimensional, inclined, body and surface,
uncorrelated, realistic seismic waves
\item Material nonlinear behavior of the
rock, soil, interfaces/contacts, isolators,
concrete, steel
\item High performance computing (parallel)
\item Verification and Validation for
high confidence in predictions
\item Documentation, user friendly,
\item Education (U.S.-NRC staff capacity building)
\end{itemize}
\vspace*{0.2cm}
\item Project: Development of the NRC ESSI Simulator System
\end{itemize}
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\section{NRC ESSI Simulator System}
\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Project Goals}
\begin{itemize}
%\vspace*{0.5cm}
\item Development of the NRC ESSI Simulator System
for Hi-Fi modeling and simulation of earthquake
soil/rock structure interaction problems:
\begin{itemize}
% \item Time domain, nonlinear, parallel finite element program:
\item {\bf NRC-ESSI-Program}
% \item High performance, parallel computer:
\item {\bf NRC-ESSI-Computer}
% \item Educational endeavor, documentation:
\item {\bf NRC-ESSI-Notes}
\end{itemize}
\vspace*{0.2cm}
\item Education: NRC Staff Capacity Building (seminars, short courses,
NRC ESSI Notes, advising)
\vspace*{0.2cm}
\item Development of ESSI case studies:
3D, inclined seismic motions, soil/rock;
foundation interface slip, seismic energy propagation dissipation
%\vspace*{0.2cm}
%\item
%
%\vspace*{0.2cm}
%\item
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%\item
\end{itemize}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{NRC ESSI Simulator System}
\begin{itemize}
\item {\bf The NRC-ESSI-Program} is a 3D nonlinear
parallel finite element program specifically developed for
Hi-Fi modeling and simulation of Earthquake Soil/Rock Structure
Interaction problems for NPPs on NRC-ESSI-Computer. \
%The NRC ESSI Program is based on
%a number of public domain numerical libraries developed at UCD as well as those
%available on the web, that are compiled and linked together to form the
%executable program (NRC-ESSI-Program). Significant effort is devoted to development
%of verification and validation procedures, as well as on development of
%extensive documentation. NRC-ESSI-Program is in public domain and is licensed
%through the Lesser GPL.
%\vspace*{0.3cm}
\item {\bf The NRC-ESSI-Computer} is a distributed memory
parallel computer, a cluster of clusters with multiple performance
processors and multiple performance networks.
%Compute nodes are Shared Memory Parallel
%(SMP) computers, that are connected, using high speed network(s), into a
%Distributed Memory Parallel (DMP) computer.
%\vspace*{0.3cm}
\item {\bf The NRC-ESSI-Notes} represent a hypertext documentation system
%(Theory and Formulation, Software and Hardware, Verification and Validation, and
%Case Studies and Practical Examples)
detailing modeling and simulation of NPP ESSI
problems.
%
%the
%NRC-ESSI-Program code API (application Programming Interface) and DSLs (Domain
%Specific Language).
%%NRC-ESSI-Notes, developed by Boris Jeremic and collaborators, are in public
%domain
%%and are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
%%License.
%
%\vspace*{0.3cm}
\end{itemize}
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\subsection{NRC ESSI Simulator Program}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{NRC ESSI Simulator Program}
\begin{itemize}
%\vspace*{0.2cm}
\item Based on a Collection of Useful Libraries (modular, portable)
%\vspace*{0.1cm}
\item Library centric software design
%\vspace*{0.1cm}
\item Various public domain licenses (GPL, LGPL, BSD)
%\vspace*{0.3cm}
%\vspace*{0.1cm}
\item Verification and Validation
%\vspace*{0.1cm}
\item Program documentation (part of NRC ESSI Notes)
%\vspace*{0.1cm}
\item Target users: U.S.-NRC staff, UCD, UB students, external users
\item Sources will be available through
{\bf
\url{http://nrc-essi-simulator.info}}
\end{itemize}
\end{frame}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Collection of Useful Libraries (Modeling Part)}
\begin{itemize}
\vspace*{0.2cm}
\item Template3D-EP libraries for elastic and elastic-plastic
computations (UCD, LGPL)
\vspace*{0.2cm}
\item FEMTools finite element libraries provide finite elements (solids,
beams, shells, contacts/isolators, seismic input) (UCD, UCB, CU, LGPL)
\vspace*{0.2cm}
\item Domain Specific Language for input (C-binding) (UCD, LGPL)
\end{itemize}
\end{frame}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Collection of Useful Libraries (Simulation Part)}
\begin{itemize}
\vspace*{0.12cm}
\item Plastic Domain Decomposition (PDD) for parallel computing (UCD, LGPL)
\vspace*{0.12cm}
\item PETSc (ANL, GPL-like) and UMFPACK (UF, GPL) solvers
\vspace*{0.12cm}
\item Modified OpenSees Services (MOSS) for managing the finite
element domain (UCD, LGPL; UCB, GPL?)
\vspace*{0.12cm}
\item nDarray (UCD, LGPL), LTensor (CIMEC, GPL), BLAS (UTK, GPL) for lower level
computational tasks,
\vspace*{0.12cm}
\item Message Passing Interface (MPI, openMPI, new BSD license)
\end{itemize}
\end{frame}
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\subsection{NRC ESSI Simulator Computer}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{NRC ESSI Simulator Computer}
\begin{itemize}
\item Cluster of multiple performance processors
interconnected with multiple performance networks
\vspace*{0.1cm}
\item Multiple generation processors and networks,
modular, expandable, the most cost effective solution
\vspace*{0.1cm}
\item Secure access for the U.S.-NRC, located at UCD
\vspace*{0.1cm}
\item 15 current users (U.S.-NRC and UCD)
\vspace*{0.1cm}
\item Source compatibility with large supercomputers
\vspace*{0.1cm}
\item Design/components documentation will be posted at
{\bf
\url{http://nrc-essi-simulator.info}}
\end{itemize}
\end{frame}
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\subsection{NRC ESSI Simulator Notes}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{NRC ESSI Simulator Notes}
\begin{itemize}
\item A hypertext documentation system for modeling and simulations of NPP ESSI
problems (Theory and Formulation, Software and Hardware, Verification and
Validation, and Case Studies and Practical Examples)
%\vspace*{0.1cm}
\item NRC-ESSI-Program code API (Application Programming Interface).
%\vspace*{0.1cm}
\item NRC-ESSI-Program DSL (Domain Specific Language)
%\vspace*{0.1cm}
\item Documentation for verification and validation
examples
%\vspace*{0.1cm}
\item Practical NPP ESSI examples and case studies
\vspace*{0.1cm}
\item Will be available to general public through
{\bf
\url{http://nrc-essi-simulator.info}}
\end{itemize}
\end{frame}
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{NRC ESSI Simulator Notes, Four Parts}
%
% \begin{itemize}
% \item Theoretical and Computational Formulations (FEM, EL-PL, Static and
% Dynamic solution, Parallel Computing)
%
% \item Software and Hardware Platform Design (OO Design, Library centric design,
% API, DSL, Software Build Process, Hardware Platform)
%
% \item Verification and Validation (code V, Components V, Static and Dynamic V,
% Wave Propagation V)
%
% \item Application to Practical Nuclear Power Plant Earthquake Soil/Rock Structure
% Interaction Problems (ESSI with 3D, inclined, uncorrelated seismic waves, ESSI
% with foundation slip, Isolators)
%
% \end{itemize}
%
% \end{frame}
%
%
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{NRC ESSI Simulator Education}
\begin{itemize}
%\vspace*{0.2cm}
\item U.S.-NRC staff capacity building, seminars, short courses, consultations,
advising,
\vspace*{0.3cm}
\item NRC ESSI Program Verification and Validation
\vspace*{0.3cm}
\item NRC ESSI Model Development and Verification
\vspace*{0.3cm}
\item NRC ESSI Simulator short courses, seminars in preparation for outside
users
\end{itemize}
\end{frame}
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\section{Verification and Validation}
\subsection{V\&V Intro}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Verification, Validation, Prediction}
\begin{itemize}
\item
% Verification:
% the process of determining that a model
% implementation accurately represents the developer's conceptual description
% and specification. Mathematics issue.
{ Verification:
provides evidence that the model is solved
correctly. Mathematics issue.}
\vspace*{0.2cm}
\item
% Validation: The process of determining the degree to which a
% model is accurate representation of the real world from the perspective of
% the intended uses of the model. Physics issue.
{ Validation: provides
evidence that the correct model is solved.
Physics issue.}
%\vspace*{0.2cm}
% \item V\&V Reduce modeling uncertainty
\vspace*{0.2cm}
\item V\&V increases confidence in numerical prediction
% (Predictions:use of computational model to foretell the state of a
% physical system under consideration under conditions for which the
% computational model has not been validated
\vspace*{0.2cm}
\item V\&V increases confidence in decision making
\end{itemize}
\end{frame}
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% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Role of Verification and Validation (Oberkampf et al. )}
%
%
% \begin{figure}[!h]
% \begin{center}
% \hspace*{-2cm}
% {\includegraphics[width=8.0cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Presentation/2003/Verif_and_Valid/RoleVV.pdf}}
% \hspace*{-2cm}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
%
% %
% %\item Models available (some now, some later)
% %\vspace*{-2.0cm}
% \end{frame}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Role of Verification and Validation (Oden et al.)}
\begin{figure}[!h]
\begin{center}
\hspace*{-2cm}
{\includegraphics[width=9.5cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2011/USNCCM11_Minneapolis/Coupled/Present/VandV_ODEN.jpg}}
\hspace*{-2cm}
\end{center}
\end{figure}
%
%\item Models available (some now, some later)
%\vspace*{-2.0cm}
\end{frame}
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% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Verification}
%
%
%
% Verification: the process of determining that a model
% implementation accurately represents the developer's conceptual description
% and specification. Mathematics issue. {\it Verification provides evidence that the
% model is solved correctly.}
%
%
%
% \vspace*{-0.2cm}
% \begin{figure}[!h]
% \begin{center}
% {\includegraphics[width=10.0cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2005/OpenSeesWorkshopAugust/DeveloperSymposium/VerifValidFund01.pdf}}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
%
%
% \end{frame}
%
%
% % - %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% % - \begin{frame}
% % - \frametitle{Verification}
% % -
% % - % the process of determining that a model
% % - % implementation accurately represents the developer's conceptual description
% % - % and specification.
% % - % Mathematics issue.
% % - {\it Verification provides evidence that the model is solved correctly.}
% % -
% % - \begin{itemize}
% % -
% % - \vspace*{0.1cm}
% % - \item Code verification
% % -
% % - \vspace*{0.1cm}
% % - \item Finite elements
% % - % (tests: patch, aspect ratio)
% % -
% % - \vspace*{0.1cm}
% % - \item Constitutive simulations
% % - % (integration error, bounds test)
% % -
% % - \vspace*{0.1cm}
% % - \item Static and dynamic solution advancement
% % - algorithms
% % -
% % - \vspace*{0.1cm}
% % - \item Solvers
% % - %(well posedness of the system of equation, error)
% % -
% % - \vspace*{0.1cm}
% % - \item Wave propagation
% % - %(Seismic motion input and radiation,
% % - %energy dissipation, frequency modification)
% % -
% % - \end{itemize}
% % -
% % -
% % - \end{frame}
% % -
% % -
% % -
% % - %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% % - \begin{frame}
% % - \frametitle{Validation}
% % -
% % - % The process of determining the degree to which a
% % - % model is accurate representation of the real world from the perspective of
% % - % the intended uses of the model.
% % - % Physics issue.
% % - {\it Validation provides evidence that the correct model is solved.}
% % -
% % -
% % - \begin{itemize}
% % -
% % - \vspace*{0.2cm}
% % - \item Validate components, unit tests
% % - %(material modeling, dynamic analysis, soil pressures)
% % -
% % - \vspace*{0.2cm}
% % - \item Validate the system
% % - \begin{itemize}
% % -
% % - \item Lotung LSST tests
% % - \item Kashiwazaki data
% % - \item Tohoku Earthquake data (Onagawa, Fukushima-Daiichi, Fukushima-Daini
% % - NPPs)
% % -
% % - \end{itemize}
% % -
% % - \end{itemize}
% % -
% % -
% % - \end{frame}
% % -
% % -
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\subsection{Model/Mesh Verification}
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Mesh Size Effects on Wave Propagation Modeling}
\begin{itemize}
\item Insufficient finite element size "filters out" high frequencies
% \item Presented is part of parametric study showing these effects
\vspace*{0.1cm}
\item Rule of thumb: 10-12 elements per wave length
\vspace*{0.1cm}
\item Models, $1000$m, \\
$V_s=1000$m/s \\
and $V_s=100$m/s, \\
element sizes \\
$h=10, 20, 50$m
% \vspace*{0.3cm}
\vspace*{0.1cm}
\item With and without \\
physical and/or \\
numerical damping,
\vspace*{0.1cm}
\item Ormsby wavelet
\end{itemize}
\vspace*{-5.3cm}
\begin{figure}[!H]
\begin{flushright}
\includegraphics[width=7.5cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/MeshSize/figs/3_4_6/Input_Displacement.pdf}
\hspace*{-0.5cm}
\end{flushright}
\end{figure}
\end{frame}
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Test Matrix}
%
% \vspace*{-0.4cm}
% \begin{small}
% \begin{table}[!htbp]
% \centering
% % \begin{tabular}{|c|c|c|c|c|}
% \begin{tabular}{|r|m{2.6cm}|m{1.5cm}|m{1.8cm}|m{2.3cm}|}
% \hline
% case & model height [m] & $V_s$ [m/s] & El.size [m] & $f_{max}$ (10el) [Hz]\\
% \hline
% 1 & 1000 & 1000 & 10 & 10\\
% %\hline
% 2 & 1000 & 1000 & 20 & 5\\
% %\hline
% 3 & 1000 & 1000 & 10 & 10\\
% %\hline
% 4 & 1000 & 1000 & 20 & 5\\
% %\hline
% 5 & 1000 & 1000 & 50 & 2\\
% %\hline
% 6 & 1000 & 1000 & 50 & 2\\
% %\hline
% 7 & 100 & 100 & 1 & 10\\
% %\hline
% 8 & 100 & 100 & 2 & 5\\
% %\hline
% 9 & 100 & 100 & 1 & 10\\
% %\hline
% 10 & 100 & 100 & 2 & 5\\
% %\hline
% 11 & 100 & 100 & 10 & 1\\
% %\hline
% 12 & 1000 & 100 & 10 & 1\\
% %\hline
% 13 & 1000 & 100 & 20 & 0.5\\
% %\hline
% 14 & 1000 & 100 & 50 & 0.2\\
% \hline
% % \begin{tabular}{|m{1.5cm}c|m{2.8cm}c|m{2.8cm}c|m{3.0cm}c|m{4.0cm}c|}
% % \begin{tabularx}{\linewidth}{|c|c|c|c|c|}
% % \begin{tabular*}{0.75\textwidth}{@{\extracolsep{\fill}}|c|c|c|c|c|}
% \end{tabular}
% % \end{tabularx}
% \end{table}
% \end{small}
%
% \end{frame}
%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Comparing Cases 3, 4, and 6}
%
% \vspace*{-0.4cm}
% \begin{small}
% \begin{table}[!htbp]
% \centering
% % \begin{tabular}{|c|c|c|c|c|}
% \begin{tabular}{|r|m{2.6cm}|m{1.5cm}|m{1.8cm}|m{2.3cm}|}
% \hline
% case & model height [m] & $V_s$ [m/s] & El.size [m] & $f_{max}$ (10el) [Hz]\\
% \hline
% %\hline
% 3 & 1000 & 1000 & 10 & 10\\
% %\hline
% 4 & 1000 & 1000 & 20 & 5\\
% %\hline
% 6 & 1000 & 1000 & 50 & 2\\
% \hline
% % \begin{tabular}{|m{1.5cm}c|m{2.8cm}c|m{2.8cm}c|m{3.0cm}c|m{4.0cm}c|}
% % \begin{tabularx}{\linewidth}{|c|c|c|c|c|}
% % \begin{tabular*}{0.75\textwidth}{@{\extracolsep{\fill}}|c|c|c|c|c|}
% \end{tabular}
% % \end{tabularx}
% \end{table}
% \end{small}
%
%
%
%
% \end{frame}
%
%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Base and Surface Dynamic Motions}
\vspace*{-0.8cm}
\begin{figure}[H]
\begin{center}
\includegraphics[width=10cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/MeshSize/figs/3_4_6/FFT.pdf}
\end{center}
\end{figure}
\end{frame}
% %
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Cases 12, 13, and 14, Surface Motions}
%
%
% \begin{figure}[H]
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[width=9cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/MeshSize/figs/12_13_14/displacement.pdf}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
%
%
%
% \end{frame}
%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Dynamic Motions for $10 \times$ Softer Soil}
\vspace*{-0.8cm}
\begin{figure}[H]
\begin{center}
\includegraphics[width=10cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/MeshSize/figs/12_13_14/FFT.pdf}
\end{center}
\end{figure}
\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
%\frametitle{Surface Motions, $10 \times$ Softer Soil, $+$ Numerical Damping}
\frametitle{Dynamic Motions $10, \times$ Softer, $+$ Num. Damping}
\vspace*{-0.8cm}
\begin{figure}[H]
\begin{center}
\includegraphics[width=10cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/MeshSize_damping/figs/15_16_17/FFT.pdf}
\end{center}
\end{figure}
\end{frame}
%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \subsection{Body and Surface Wave Verification}
%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Seismic Body and Surface Waves}
%
% \begin{itemize}
%
% \item Both body (P, SV and SH) and surface (Rayleigh, Love, etc) waves
% are present
%
% \item Surface waves carry more seismic energy at distance
%
% \item Analytically (Aki and Richards 2002) and numerically generated, 3D,
% inclined (plane) body and surface waves are used in tests
%
% \item Seismic moment from a point source at $2$km depth used
%
% \item Stress drop at the source: Ricker and/or Ormsby wavelets
%
% \end{itemize}
%
% \end{frame}
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Plane Wave Model}
%
% \begin{figure}[H]
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[width=10cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2011/NRC_LBNL_Review_Panel_Sept2011/2D_faul_slip_model.pdf}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
%
% \end{frame}
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Seismic Source Mechanics}
%
% \vspace*{0.5cm}
% Stress drop, Ormsby wavelet
%
% \vspace*{-1cm}
% \begin{figure}[H]
% \begin{flushright}
% \includegraphics[width=2cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2011/NRC_LBNL_Review_Panel_Sept2011/Seismic_source_moment_couple.pdf}
% \end{flushright}
% \end{figure}
%
% \vspace*{-1.9cm}
% \hspace*{-1cm}
% \begin{figure}[H]
% \begin{center}
% \hspace*{-0.4cm}
% \includegraphics[width=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/FaultModel_7seconds/xz_TimeHistory/3000_3000_x_displacement.pdf}
% \hspace*{-0.4cm}
% \includegraphics[width=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/FaultModel_7seconds/xz_FFT/3000_3000_x_displacement_FFT.pdf}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
%
% \end{frame}
%
%
%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Source Plane, Top 2km}
%
% \vspace*{-0.4cm}
% \begin{figure}[H]
% \begin{flushright}
% \includegraphics[width=3cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2011/NRC_LBNL_Review_Panel_Sept2011/2D_faul_slip_model_at_SOURCE.pdf}
% \end{flushright}
% \end{figure}
%
% \vspace*{-1.5cm}
% \begin{figure}[H]
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[width=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/FreeFieldInclinedMotionModels/Ormsby/at_source_top2000/middle_acceleration_x.pdf}
% \hspace*{-0.5cm}
% \includegraphics[width=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/FreeFieldInclinedMotionModels/Ormsby/at_source_top2000/middle_acceleration_z.pdf}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
%
% \vspace*{-0.90cm}
% {horizontal accelerations \hfill vertical accelerations}
%
% \end{frame}
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Middle (NPP) Plane, Top 2km}
%
% \vspace*{-0.4cm}
% \begin{figure}[H]
% \begin{flushright}
% \includegraphics[width=3cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2011/NRC_LBNL_Review_Panel_Sept2011/2D_faul_slip_model_MIDDLE.pdf}
% \end{flushright}
% \end{figure}
%
% \vspace*{-1.5cm}
% \begin{figure}[H]
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[width=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/FreeFieldInclinedMotionModels/Ormsby/middle_top2000/middle_acceleration_x.pdf}
% \hspace*{-0.5cm}
% \includegraphics[width=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/FreeFieldInclinedMotionModels/Ormsby/middle_top2000/middle_acceleration_z.pdf}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
%
% \vspace*{-0.90cm}
% {horizontal accelerations \hfill vertical accelerations}
%
%
% \end{frame}
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Surface 6km}
%
% \vspace*{-0.4cm}
% \begin{figure}[H]
% \begin{flushright}
% \includegraphics[width=3cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2011/NRC_LBNL_Review_Panel_Sept2011/2D_faul_slip_model_SURFACE.pdf}
% \end{flushright}
% \end{figure}
%
% \vspace*{-1.5cm}
% \begin{figure}[H]
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[width=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/FreeFieldInclinedMotionModels/Ormsby/surface_6km/middle_acceleration_x.pdf}
% \hspace*{-0.5cm}
% \includegraphics[width=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/FreeFieldInclinedMotionModels/Ormsby/surface_6km/middle_acceleration_z.pdf}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
%
% \vspace*{-0.90cm}
% {horizontal accelerations \hfill vertical accelerations}
%
%
% \end{frame}
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \section{Case Studies}
%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \subsection{Body and Surface Waves}
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Body and Surface Seismic Waves}
%
% \begin{itemize}
% \item Investigate influence of full body (P and S) and surface (Love and
% Rayleigh) waves on the NPP response
%
%
% \vspace*{0.2cm}
% \item Lack of correlation modeling (incoherence) for full 3D seismic motions
%
% \vspace*{0.2cm}
% \item Inclined wave fields and their influence on the NPP response
%
%
% \vspace*{0.2cm}
% \item Influence of soil/rock variability and uncertainty on seismic motions
%
%
% \end{itemize}
%
% \end{frame}
%
%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Stress-Test NPPs for Different Wave Inclinations}
%
% \vspace*{-0.6cm}
% \begin{figure}[H]
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[width=4cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2011/NRC_LBNL_Review_Panel_Sept2011/2D_faul_slip_model_top_200m.pdf}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
%
% \vspace*{-3.9cm}
% \begin{figure}[H]
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[width=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/FreeFieldInclinedMotionModels/FaultSlip_Ormsby/figs/surface_200m/middle_acceleration_x.pdf}
% \hspace*{-0.5cm}
% \includegraphics[width=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/FreeFieldInclinedMotionModels/FaultSlip_Ormsby/figs/surface_200m/middle_acceleration_z.pdf}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
%
% \vspace*{-0.90cm}
% {horizontal accelerations \hfill vertical accelerations}
%
%
% \end{frame}
%
%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Example, Free Field, $45^o$ Inclined Ormsby Wavelet}
%
% %\vspace*{-3.5cm}
% \begin{figure}[H]
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[width=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/FaultModel_7seconds/xz_TimeHistory/5000_5000_x_acceleration.pdf}
% \hspace*{-0.5cm}
% \includegraphics[width=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/FaultModel_7seconds/xz_TimeHistory/5000_5000_z_acceleration.pdf}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
%
% \vspace*{-0.90cm}
% {horizontal accelerations \hfill vertical accelerations}
%
%
% \end{frame}
%
%
%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \subsection{Inelastic Foundation-Soil/Rock Contact-Slip}
%
%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Influence of Inelastic Foundation-Soil/Rock Contact on the NPP Response}
%
% \begin{itemize}
%
% \item Soil/rock -- foundation interface slip behavior
%
% \vspace*{0.2cm}
% \item Changes in Earthquake Soil/Rock Structure Interaction (reduction of demand)
%
% \vspace*{0.2cm}
% \item Dissipation of seismic energy in the slip plane
%
% \vspace*{0.2cm}
% \item Passive (and active) base isolation
%
% \end{itemize}
%
% \end{frame}
%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{Example Model, ESSI with Slip}
%
% %\vspace*{-0.5cm}
% \begin{figure}[!h]
% \begin{center}
% {\includegraphics[width=9.0cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Conferences/2011/NRC_LBNL_Review_Panel_Feb2011/Case_study_model/visit0002.jpeg}}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
%
% \end{frame}
%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{ESSI with Slip, Base, Displacements}
%
% %\vspace*{-3.5cm}
% \begin{figure}[H]
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[width=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/Slip_Contact_Plots/Displacements/2_x_displacement.pdf}
% \hspace*{-0.5cm}
% \includegraphics[width=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/Slip_Contact_Plots/Displacements/2_z_displacement.pdf}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
%
% \vspace*{-0.90cm}
% {horizontal displacements \hfill vertical displacements}
%
% \end{frame}
%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{ESSI with Slip, Base, Accelerations}
%
% %\vspace*{-3.5cm}
% \begin{figure}[H]
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[width=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/Slip_Contact_Plots/Accelerations/2_x_acceleration.pdf}
% \hspace*{-0.5cm}
% \includegraphics[width=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/Slip_Contact_Plots/Accelerations/2_z_acceleration.pdf}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
%
% \vspace*{-0.90cm}
% {horizontal displacements \hfill vertical displacements}
%
% \end{frame}
%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{ESSI with Slip, Base, Accelerations FFT}
%
% %\vspace*{-3.5cm}
% \begin{figure}[H]
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[width=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/Slip_Contact_Plots/FFT_Accelerations/2_x_acceleration_FFT.pdf}
% \hspace*{-0.5cm}
% \includegraphics[width=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/Slip_Contact_Plots/FFT_Accelerations/2_z_acceleration_FFT.pdf}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
%
% \vspace*{-0.90cm}
% {horizontal Acc. FFT \hfill vertical acc. FFT}
%
% \end{frame}
%
%
%
%
%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{ESSI with Slip, Top, Displacements}
%
% %\vspace*{-3.5cm}
% \begin{figure}[H]
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[width=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/Slip_Contact_Plots/Displacements/top_x_displacement.pdf}
% \hspace*{-0.5cm}
% \includegraphics[width=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/Slip_Contact_Plots/Displacements/top_z_displacement.pdf}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
%
% \vspace*{-0.90cm}
% {horizontal displacements \hfill vertical displacements}
%
% \end{frame}
%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{ESSI with Slip, Top, Accelerations}
%
% %\vspace*{-3.5cm}
% \begin{figure}[H]
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[width=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/Slip_Contact_Plots/Accelerations/top_x_acceleration.pdf}
% \hspace*{-0.5cm}
% \includegraphics[width=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/Slip_Contact_Plots/Accelerations/top_z_acceleration.pdf}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
%
% \vspace*{-0.90cm}
% {horizontal displacements \hfill vertical displacements}
%
% \end{frame}
%
%
% %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% \begin{frame}
% \frametitle{ESSI with Slip, Top, Accelerations FFT}
%
% %\vspace*{-3.5cm}
% \begin{figure}[H]
% \begin{center}
% \includegraphics[width=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/Slip_Contact_Plots/FFT_Accelerations/top_x_acceleration_FFT.pdf}
% \hspace*{-0.5cm}
% \includegraphics[width=6cm]{/home/jeremic/tex/works/Thesis/NimaTafazzoli/Slip_Contact_Plots/FFT_Accelerations/top_z_acceleration_FFT.pdf}
% \end{center}
% \end{figure}
%
% \vspace*{-0.90cm}
% {horizontal acc. FFT \hfill vertical acc. FFT}
%
% \end{frame}
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
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\section{Summary}
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%\subsection*{Future Plans}
%
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\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Summary}
\begin{itemize}
\item High fidelity, time domain, nonlinear, earthquake soil structure
interaction (ESSI) modeling and simulations
\vspace*{0.1cm}
\item The NRC ESSI Simulator System (Program, Computer, Notes)
\vspace*{0.1cm}
\item Educational component (U.S.-NRC, UCD, others), seminars, short
courses
\vspace*{0.1cm}
\item Information Portal:\\
{\large \bf
\url{http://nrc-essi-simulator.info}}
\vspace*{0.1cm}
\item Funding by and Collaboration with the U.S.-NRC is gratefully acknowledged
%\vspace*{0.1cm}
%\item U.S.-NRC encourages outside use
%
\end{itemize}
\end{frame}
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\end{document}